Lessons from the Golden Age: Majapahit by Nadine

Inspirasi Kediri Bertutur

 FOREWORD

 This writing is one of the selected essays done by undergraduate students of “Organizational Communication” from University of Indonesia, the faculty of social and political sciences, international communication program of public relations 2013.

“It starts with interactions between two worlds: the modern and the tradition. Through conversations and engagements build bridges towards understanding. Accepting differences mean being open to diversity. Open the doors toward collaboration of different worlds and of different cultures and arts. Being authentic is as important as being different. Prevention of going obsolete starts with a conversation of differences. It is our job as communicators to build bridges from our roots progressing forward to the present and future. So when everyone else is going global, we are deeply rooted in our local wisdom whilst keeping touch with modernity,” Kandi Windoe

Inspired by the same spirit, Kediri Bertutur takes the undergraduate students on their own cultural journeys. Kediri Bertutur presents Nadine Kamarwan’s personal writing after taking a look into Indonesia’s history of Majapahit kingdom.

Lessons from the Golden Age: Majapahit

BACKGROUND: Indonesia is a huge country made up of a convergence of thousands of islands, rich in both culture and natural resources and equipped with one of the world’s largest populations, it would not be difficult to imagine Indonesia in a high position of power on an international scale. It is one of the most heavily populated countries in the world, with an economy that has joined the ranks of the top twenty biggest economies on the planet that is still rapidly growing. Within it are people of diverse ethnicities with seven-hundred distinct spoken languages, plants and animals unlike those that can be found anywhere else in the world, and inarguably the most amazing food in the world. However, even with all these resources, Indonesia is still far from the powerhouse that it has the potential to be. After years of colonization and oppressive regimes, what was once a glimmering country rife with the potential for greatness, the flowering bud that was Indonesia seems to have wilted. In all those years, what could have possibly changed a country so drastically?

INTRODUCTION: Nationalism, the pride one has in his/her country used to be all the rage back in the twentieth century. This was the period in which nationalism was at its peak importance to fight against the imperialists and gain independence. Another time nationalism ran rampant throughout the streets was in the overthrowing of the Soeharto regime in the late nineties. From these two events we can conclude that nationalism and patriotism is most prevalent in times of oppression in which the people demand freedom and fight against injustice. However, in recent years, with minimal conflicts be it within the country or outside of it, Indonesia has entered a state of relative peace. The force of nationalism that was once needed to solidify the country in the collective fight against oppression slowly fell out of fashion. In the current age less and less people are interested in their own country. Globalization has introduced us to many new interesting cultures that we want to assimilate into our lives. And the recent state of politics within Indonesia has led many young people to become cynical and disdainful towards their own country, as one would be when constantly being bombarded by said nations terrible aspects from all media. The international reputation of Indonesia could also do with some help. Though it is undeniable that Indonesia is beautiful and its natural resources and beauty is plentiful, this does not distract the international community from Indonesia’s many flaws. According to Transparency International, an organization focusing on international corruption, Indonesia ranked one hundred fourteenth out of the one hundred seventy-seven countries being evaluated 1. Within South-East Asia, Indonesia is the wealthiest country, however when taking into account the population of each country, the numbers drastically change 2. As a large country with a huge population, it is not a walk in the park to keep this country morally upright and going in the right direction all the time, thus leading us to the outside perception that Indonesia is poor, that we are lazy, that we are terrorists and corruptors, that we are uncivilized and a third world country. These incorrect outward perception of Indonesia also plays a role in the way we as our countries citizens view ourselves. It is not that Indonesia’s potential has faded, it is merely that many of our people still fail to see it, and many that do fail to utilize it for the improvement of the country and its people as a whole. In the modern era, though we are in abundance of peace, pessimism and cynicism regarding our own country still runs rampant amongst the people.

With the advent of globalization and the rise of the middle class, more and more individuals are losing their sense of national identity. Though change is inevitable and good, the collateral damage lies in the form of our culture and traditions. Changes in time have caused a dissonance, a rift between rich and poor, between traditional ways and new more “glamorous” western sensibilities, between people who try to preserve the old world and people too eager to move on into the sparkling new. Though we cannot fault those who wish to press forward, there is still much to learn from our ancestors, whose leadership built kingdoms and forged bonds amongst the islands far before the creation of modern day communication technology. The main issues that modern day Indonesia are facing are mainly the decline of a national identity and morale. This one issue can lead to a slew of even more pressing matters such as the dissolve of Indonesian customs and traditions. Another big problem lies in our geography. As Indonesia is a country separated by bodies of water we are relatively detached from island to island, most of the development and population are concentrated in the island of Java leading to inequalities and uneven distributions of power, education, and representation. This issue further adds to the waning national identity that is the only thing holding out scattered islands together. So now comes the question of how we can restore Indonesia to its original glory, the simple answer to which lies in looking back into our past, to the era of the great kingdoms. Mainly, the kingdom considered the greatest of all of Indonesia’s ancient kingdoms, The Majapahit Empire.

MAJAPAHIT: Majapahit was one of the great empires of Indonesia’s past and although it was based on the island of Java, it was the biggest empire to have ever formed in South-East Asia with territories reaching out as far as some of the Philippine islands. It was established in the thirteenth century, reached its peak power on the fourteenth century before its eventual decline in the fifteen hundreds. Frequently dubbed as the greatest era of Indonesia, the Majapahit Kingdom was known for its grandeur, palaces decorated in gold, extravagant homes for the royals, and plenty of spices for trade. In books written by travellers, merchants, and other world leaders of the time, no intricacy of the Majapahit lifestyle was left out. It was this grandeur that attracted many to the kingdom, some for trade, others for less noble purposes. Much of the information that can be found about the Majapahit Kingdom can be found in the eulogy to Majapahit King, Hayam Wuruk, “Nagarakretagama”. Within it details the traditions, ceremonies, historical figures, and a detailed description of the kingdom itself. The main production of the kingdom included spices and rice as well as craftsmanship and their architecture. Most of their economy is built on spice trade and trade of their natural resources such as woods and other plants, fruits, and vegetables. The Majapahit Kingdom also had a currency system made out of coins made of silver and gold. Later on, however, the currency changed into copper cons brought to the kingdom by Chinese traders and merchants. The kingdom also had and implicated a tax system to be paid in cash. They were well versed with foreign trade and had trade agreements and arrangements with various neighbouring kingdoms reaching as far as South Indian empires. Through the artifacts that they left behind, we are able to gauge the values and principles that people of the Majapahit kingdom had at the time. From their architecture through which they’ve decorated with traditional stories and art, we see their kingdom depicted as an agrarian society focusing on agriculture and the cultivation of the land, they valued craftsmanship and art, they were well versed with the technology available to them at the time and were able to use said technology efficiently and usefully in the building of their kingdom and civilization, and they were very aware of city planning and environmental management. Majapahit, being a Hindu kingdom, also holds traditional Hindu values. These values are known as the “Nine Beliefs of Hinduism”. These beliefs include the belief in one supreme divine being, the belief in an eternal cycle of creation preservation and destruction, the belief that life is sacred, the belief in destiny through karma, the belief reincarnation, and the belief in an unseen world occupied by divine beings among many others. If they had followed these beliefs thoroughly, it would be safe to assume that the Majapahit people were tolerant and accepting and valued life and faith. Being a large empire, it is not surprising that one of Majapahit’s goals was expansion into new territories. They did this through expedition, both naval and military. However, rather than pillaging and taking, they settled for a more diplomatic route and build alliances. Several of the things we can learn from the values they hold include the acceptance and tolerance of one another, the appreciation of art, their community building skills, as well as their respect towards nature and the environment. We have much to learn from our ancestors, proven by how prosperous of a kingdom they’ve created. Aspects of the ancient civilization still permeate into our modern culture and the basis of our country. Our national motto, “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika” originates from a Majapahit poet. Majapahit was believed to be the ideal society by many Indonesians, our very first president, Soekarno, even tried to shape this new country after the old glory of the fallen kingdom. We have established that, yes indeed, the values of Majapahit has incorporated itself deeply within our country’s sould, henceforth, the challenge will be how to peak the interest of the public regarding the old ways of Majapahit as well as how to best communicate this information to the public in a way that will be game changing and revolutionary.

CAMPAIGNS: There is much to learn from the Majapahit era. Some valuable lessons can be learned and applied to modern day Indonesia in hopes to solve several of our current issues. Therefore, it is imperative for the nation to look back into our history and mine it for said lessons. The first step to doing so would be to raise public interest in the topic, then to raise awareness about the Majapahit Kingdom, and lastly to infuse understanding on the traditions and customs of the Majapahit people thus enabling the public to see the benefits of bringing back some aspects of our traditional lifestyle. Some of the things that are able to each us may even help solve the discrepancies between the islands of Indonesia and establish a stronger national identity for the population. As mentioned previously, the campaign will aim to inform people about Majapahit and ingrain their values into modern day Indonesia; such values include community building, appreciation of the arts, being more environmentally conscious, and the building of acceptance and tolerance for all. The key message we hope to deliver with this campaign would be nationalism or pride in one’s nation, that will help solidify us as a country once more under our motto, “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika”. First of all, when creating a campaign it is important to go into it knowing whom to target. In this case, I believe that the ideal target for the Majapahit awareness campaign would be young people, children and students. I believe this is the ideal demographic because it is a ripe age to start nurturing a sense of wonder and openness to new ideas. When children are introduced to a new concept at a young age that interests them, it will stick with them throughout their lives. Young adults such as students can also benefits greatly from learning about the Majapahit era as they are at an age when they are building their identity for the real world and thus integrating such topics into their lives can help foster some national pride and identity, solving one of the key issues of strengthening national identity. Aside from that, the young people of Indonesia will be the future of the country and as such, the campaigns would benefit them the most. CAMPAIGN I – School Visits The first campaign would require experts and historians to make school visits throughout elementary to junior high schools all over Indonesia. During these visits stories and legends from the Majapahit era can be told to the students and activities such as arts and crafts and planting trees and harvesting food from farms in accordance with the Majapahit values of appreciating the arts and respecting the environment. Each school can be visited for a period of about a week each to further ingrain the Majapahit values onto the kids in a fun almost summer-camp-like environment. Museum visits can also be helpful in the education of the children regarding the history of Indonesia and Majapahit.

CAMPAIGN II:  Online/Gaming Presence With youth as a target audience it is important to optimize the use of the Internet and the online platform. Youths today are wildly regarded as digital natives and in Indonesia a growing fondness of technology has overtaken the young people. Thus, having a strong online presence will be extremely helpful in the hopes of raising awareness and understanding on Majapahit culture as it juxtaposes the old and the new in a seamless way. Several ways to create an online presence may be through the use of a website or social media, however, to really draw in people into the subject there has to be an element of interactivity. This can be achieved possibly through the use of online gaming. An online game about Majapahit has already been created once, named Nusantara Rising, this game was a strategy game in which ones objective would be expansion of territory, cultivating the land, and building villages, it is a single player game with multiplayer functions up to six people. However, though this game is well though out and shows several Majapahit values, a better game to represent the values of Majapahit Kingdom would be on an MMORPG platform. MMORPG stands for Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Game in which many people can all log into a server at the same time and play. This will foster a sense of community and togetherness much like the community of the real Majapahit at the time. Players can take the role of a peasant or a king and build villages and form bonds much like they would in real life. This campaign would require many game developers, graphic designers, and computer experts. For the game to garner attention print, TV, and online ads can be placed everywhere as well as employing a celebrity spokesperson. To garner more players, the first few months of the game can be a free trial period in which users can get a taste of the game.

CAMPAIGN III: Design Competition The last campaign could be a design competition for clothing or other consumer products focusing around the theme of Majapahit. This can be done with companies such as “Damn! I Love Indonesia,” which is a social media and commerce company dedicated to design around the idea of Indonesian traditional culture. Their aim is to promote the beauty and richness of Indonesian culture specifically at the youth and younger generation, to get them proud to be Indonesian. I believe that this goal and vision has a lot in common with the idea of these campaigns and thus, they would be an ideal partner. The competition can be marketed through social media as well as “Damn! I Love Indonesia’s” website and outlets and registrations can take online. The submissions can be uploaded to the website and the audience will be the ones voting for who wins. Of course, the designs must be based around the Majapahit era and sufficient explanation and understanding has to be achieved by the designers about this era. Therefore, when entering their designs they choose one specific aspect of the Majapahit Kingdom they would like to focus on, create the design, and write a short essay about why they chose to create such design and the significance of it for both the Majapahit era as well as modern times. The winning designs will be available in the shops and the winner will receive a sum of money from the proceeds of the sales. This will encourage youths to research about the Majapahit era and also encourage the Majapahit values of design, art, and craftsmanship. Out of all of these methods, I believe that the most useful and affective one would be the first campaign in which school visits will be employed to deliver the message. Due to the fact that out of all the campaigns, this one has the most potential to reach evenly out to all youths of Indonesia. Campaign number two requires the use of internet connectivity which many rural areas do not have and campaign number three seems to be more Jakarta and big city focused as “Damn! I Love Indonesia” is based in Jakarta. However, I also believe that it can be in our best interest to use the other campaign as well due to the fact of the diversity of the Indonesian public. What may work for some youth may not work for others depending on their location, their resources, their education, beliefs, and how they were raised. To uniformly educate all youths, as we wish to do to try to bridge the gap between rural and urban areas of Indonesia, a variety of methods would be ideal to be used in the spread of this information. Mainly though, no matter what campaign we chose, it has to be fun and interactive for the audience.

CONCLUSION: In conclusion, there is so much we can still learn from our past, it is far too valuable for us to forget. Some values remain relevant through time and these values we can learn from the great kingdom of Majapahit. Therefore, it is important for us to keep remembering and looking into the past for guidance, especially at a time where national pride and patriotism is at an all time low. It can bring the country together under a renewed sense of national identity and set us back on the right path to achieve our potential and be the strong nation that we have always been able to become. The key is in the youth and children and within the lessons we teach them. Instill a love for their country and its history from an early age and watch the difference it can make. To do so however, we must speak in terms of the youth, no any old form of communication will get to them. We must effectively make use of the tools and technology we have now to make a change just as our ancestors have been doing for years and years. The emergence of technology that brought about globalization and weakened national pride can also be used to strengthen it. Once again, the teaching of history is important, in the wise words of philosopher, George Santayana, “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.”

Footnotes:

1 Transparency International, (Corruption by Country/Territory, 2012)

2 Tue, RI improves ranking on global corruption perception index, Antara News (2013)

REFERENCES

“Finding My Own Journey” by Chantika

Inspirasi Kediri Bertutur

INTRODUCTION

This writing is one of the selected essays done by undergraduate students of “Consumer Analysis” from University of Indonesia, the faculty of social and political sciences, international communication program of advertising 2013.

The humble beginnings of Kediri Bertutur originated from a cultural journey: “I am fully aware that to reach quality of life does not mean gaining a higher level of status and wealth. In my journey, I am seeking quality of life based on spiritual humanism that moves my very being on this earth. This lesson I can only gain from a cultural journey,” Kandi Windoe.

Inspired by the same spirit, Kediri Bertutur takes the undergraduate students on their own cultural journeys. Kediri Bertutur presents Angelica Chantika’s personal writing after taking the journey to Jogja in November 2014.

FINDING MY OWN JOURNEY BY ANGELICAL CHANTIKA

On November 28 2014, we flew from Jakarta to Jogjakarta for 45 minutes. This was supposed to be a trip where we look for something that should help us on our assignments in order to get satisfying grades. However, personally, this trip was a journey to find myself and going to  different places to learn about several things that I would never get everyday.

This trip I called as a journey because these people whom I met and these different places where I visited are various parts that guided me to find the “new” me that hopefully can make me a much better person in the future, not just for others but also for the sake of myself. These people whom I met on this trip have their own journeys. They have struggled along with the wonderful adventure in order to get to where they are right now, which I think they have reached their success. Seeing them, I also want to create my own journey. To have my own struggles, to have my own happy times. Therefore, this trip was a start of something new in my life.

The trip immediately started after we arrived in Jogjakarta. We went straight to the hotel and settled our belongings. The hotel, for me, was fascinating because its atmosphere was very Javanese. It was not a fancy hotel, however, the ambience of the place made me feel blend in with everything surround me.

Then, we went to Solo which took approximately 2 hours for us to get there. At Solo, we met a group called Plenthe Percussion, who are local musician, at the place where they mostly gather together to create and record their music. Plenthe Percussion had worked with several Indonesian musicians such as Didi Kempot and many more. They also had been to different parts of the world in particular Canada, Hong Kong, Netherlands, etc.

There, we had a long deep conversation with them, getting to know more about their personal lives, their multiple experiences, their difficulties on being noticed by the government and other fascinating stories that they shared with us.

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There are a lot of ideas that I have learnt from them. I now know that specific sound can actually be damaging. In particular hertz, there are sounds that people cannot hear and in counts of times those sounds can kill them. There are also sounds of electricity and moving feet of ants around us which we cannot hear directly that can cause sudden dizziness without us realizing what have caused it.

Another thing that I remember clearly was Mas Suryadi’s statement about a developed country is a country that appreciates its culture and the creation made by its people. However, Indonesian people have lack of appreciation toward their own culture. It is shown by Plenthe Percussion is sponsored by Australian government to help them travel and perform around the world. Plenthe Percussion is a group filled by Indonesian people that supposed to be supported by Indonesian government, not only to help them getting attention and appreciation from foreigners around the world, but also to contribute on preserving our diverse culture.

Mas Suryadi stated that when they first try to introduce their music which is traditional Indonesian music, Indonesian people and also the government see them only with one eye (this is translated from an Indonesian saying “memandang sebelah mata” which means ‘to belittle them’ because of playing traditional music). They underestimated their ability of playing music because Indonesians perceive their music genre as something that is old fashion. These made them to had a strong desire to prove of how Indonesia’s traditional music is not outdated by collaborating with other Indonesian musician such as Didi Kempot. Their work with one of Indonesia’s legendary musician was their first debut along with hopes inside in order for more of Indonesian could notice them through this collaboration. Nevertheless, like as mentioned before, Indonesians disregard them.

Since Indonesians government was very careless toward this group of musician, Plenthe Percussion was and is supported by Australian government to help this group on performing around the world and noticed by large mass. This fact is very heartbreaking because it shows how much Indonesians are unattached to its culture and do not have a big compassion toward their own beautiful heritage and I personally think it is such a shame to know and realize this fact.

The next thing I have learned from them is that I need to create something in my life, because it is such a waste if I do not leave a mark about myself. We do not have to create something for other people, but the first thing we have to do is that we need to create something for ourselves and also from ourselves. I also learned to not be afraid to be different on creating something because Plenthe Percussion creates something that not a lot of people can do and creates something that is so pure that people cannot even copy it. They dare to show something unusual about Indonesia from such different perspective not to get attention but purely to preserve Indonesian culture and introduce it to worldwide so that people around the planet can know what is Indonesia and what is so beautiful and marvelous about Indonesia through music because it is the only way they know how to express themselves.

The next day, we went to Abdi Dalem Keraton Ngayogyakarta. When we went to the place the first thought in my mind was that we had to be very quite and very polite in order to talk to them. However, it turned out that we could just really talk to them normally about everything related to their lives.

Bapak Mono was one of the ‘abdi dalem’ that we talked to. He is one of many abdi dalem that works inside Keraton. Aside of working as abdi dalem, he also works as batik designer. He has been working for 10 years at Keraton and what started him was that he actually has blood of previous Sultan so that his parents encouraged him to work as abdi dalem at Keraton.

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I thought that in order for people to work as abdi dalem, they were chosen. However, it turned out that people have to apply just like you want to apply regularly for working in other places. There are also several requirements that they have to fulfill in order to work for Sultan. One of them is for instance, the minimum age of people that want to apply has to be above 17 year-old and the maximum age is 40 year-old. He also mentioned that there are a lot of people that actually want to work at Keraton, nevertheless, only several that got accepted. There are now approximately 1.500 abdi dalem that work for Sultan.

The uniform or clothes that they use daily have meaning behind every single part of the clothes. The reason behind of wearing the same uniform when they work as abdi dalem is a symbolism where people that work as abdi dalem in Keraton have the same mother. The “Blankon”means empty, which means you have to empty your heart and mind from negativity and start spreading optimism toward yourself and people surround you. Also at the back of the “Blankon” is placed a ribbon shaped as jasmine flower. Next is the suit they wear. The color of the suit is blue which means deep and there are 6 buttons on top of the suit that represents “6 rukun iman.”The buttons on the sleeves are counted as 5 buttons that represents “5 rukun Islam.”At the back of the suit, tucked a traditional knife called “Keris” that symbolize the life itself.

As stated above, both of these abdi dalem have worked for Sultan for a quite long period of time. They felt happy and proud of themselves for serving Sultan and Keraton itself. They felt like they matter because Sultan sometimes call them personally and ask them to do several different things. They did not feel like a maid because they know it is not what they are. By getting order from Sultan, they gained new knowledge, experiences and new different perspective about life that they did not know before.

There are a few things they are willing to do for Sultan and Keraton and one of them is that they were ready and willing to die in order to protect the Sultan. They did not really think about tomorrow, what matters is the present day because they do not know what is going to come the next day. So, if they die the next day, they will feel satisfied because they have served the best for the Sultan and Keraton, and they have become better person by working there.

Their journey of becoming who they are right now is not easy. There are several sacrifices they had to make in order to serve for Sultan and Keraton. Leaving something that has become a habit for you is difficult, and there are several habits and parts of life they had to leave behind in order to be where they are right now. This is a part of their journey becoming abdi dalem to serve Sultan and Keraton. A journey to be nice people as they are right now. A journey to become people that are believed by Sultan to do several work that Sultan will never give to anybody.A journey to find the best selves inside of them and bringing them out in order to spread optimism to themselves and to people around them.

There are 2 things I learn from them. I learn that they were self-less and loyal. They have worked for Sultan and Keraton for a long time and they were willing to stay longer in order to serve Sultan. They did not complain because the only thing that matters most to them is the pleasure of Sultan and they were also ready to die for Keraton and Sultan. These statement represents of how they are very self-less and loyal to whom they dedicated their life for.

On the following hour, we went to eat lunch and we had Nasi Gudeg. The last time I ate gudeg was when I was in elementary school so I already forgot how it tasted. Having it was a trip down to memory lane when visited Jogjakarta back in 2004.

Afterwards, we went to visit Ibu Tia at Yayasan Pamulang Baksa Sasmita Mardawa. It was a studio for most of local people to practice their traditional dance. Ibu Tia herself have been dancing for approximately 56 years. She first started interested in dancing when she was a little girl. However, her father did not permit her to start taking dance lessons because she was too young to start dancing. So, after being old enough her father then put her into several dance lessons and she became a traditional dancer ever since. Ibu Tia is now a teacher at Yayasan Pamulang Baksa Sasmita Mardawa together with her son. She mentioned that dance is her life and she is going to keep dancing until she can not do it anymore and that is why now she dedicated her life on teaching at the studio.

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She also had been to different parts of the world such as Europe, USA, and Asia. In Asia, she had been to Thailand, Japan, Malaysia and of course Indonesia. She visited these places not only for performing herself or assisting the students to perform in these places, but she also taught foreigners from these different places to learn Indonesia’s traditional dances. Going to these places made her realize how Indonesians are very disrespectful to their own culture because Ibu Tia mentioned that she felt more appreciated when she danced at these various places than in Indonesia itself. Whereas, these traditional dances were established and born in Indonesia.

Indonesians are now more looking for modern lifestyle, we look up on western people was of living. We focused so much on wanting to be them that we do not try to filter and choose which western lifestyle could be a part of our lives and which not. Seeing on dance perspective, most of Indonesian dancers that I know are now more into modern dance such as hip-hop dance, contemporary dance, jazz and so on. They see those dances as something that are edgy and “hip”or “cool”just because most of western people do them. Indonesia’s potential dancers are forgetting that our traditional dances are beautiful and stunning. Our dances are very different from other dances and that what makes Indonesia’s traditional dances are beautiful. The slow movement, the shift from one leg to the other, the stares from traditional dancers eyes that follows the movement. Everything about Indonesian traditional dance is exotic and also rich of culture at the same time.

What I learn from this visit is about dedication of doing what we are most passionate about. There are regrets that I have in my life because I did not expand more of my talents and embrace them. I was afraid to try and I was too shy to show these talents to people. The conversation that we had with Ibu Tia made me realize that I have so much in me that I can expand and all it takes is courage. This visit made me notice that I have to start my own journey of creating something from these talents that I am provided, for the best of me and from me.

Later at night, we went to Magelang to attend a seminar called “Designer. Ing. Kampung.” This was a seminar held that invited our lecturer, Mbak Kandi and several other experts in this field. The event was basically about people that work as farmers in the morning until the afternoon and a night they become graphic designers that creates logos and many more. They become graphic designers from competing in a crowdsourcing contest and most of these people did and do not go thought design schools. They learned about how to create these logos through different softwares on their own. In 5 years length, there are about 120.000 farmers/designer.

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These farmers receive orders from multinational and international companies to create logos for these companies. They receive thousands of dollars as their pay check for creating these logos or posters. Because of them, Indonesia receives huge amount of foreign exchanges just from simple designs that these farmers made for multinational and international companies.

In this seminar, Mbak Kandi, as one of the speakers at this event, appealed and reminded these farmers/designers that they should go look for references from everything surround them and not to go looking from western or outside Indonesia references. What Indonesia has are enough for these farmers/designers to get inspiration to create more and more.

What I learn from this event is that these people have great desires and persistent toward what they do. They work, physically hard in the morning until the afternoon in the field and at night they work hard again on designing these posters or logos ordered to them. I am sure they have less of the technology that I have and they are not provided with items that I have right now. However, their creativity and their passion get them to where they are right and here I am whining about how less of technology that I have and I only use these gadgets not to create something, but only to watch or to go browsing on something that I know is a waste of time.

Seeing these people go through such amazing journey, I know I want to make one on my own. I want to use more of what I have and not waste it. To work harder and put efforts in everything I do in life, because these creations that I am going to make are going to get me somewhere surprising.

The next day, which was the last day of our trip, we went to visit Sanggar Tari Angguk. When we arrived, there were children and teenagers from all different ages ready to perform tari Angguk. They performed twice, first was the traditional tari Angguk and the second one was performed by the older ones where they performed tari Angguk as well, but this one was composed and freestyle was included.

Most of these children are aged from 2 being the youngest and 15 the oldest. However, there are also older ones that was not there because it was not the day for them to have dance practice. These children have learnt the dance since they were a young age and most of them want to join and learn these dances because their friends tell them about the dance and they were interested on learning it.

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After seeing their performance, we had separated group conversation with different children. Kanya, Hana and I talked to approximately 8 children. We asked them a lot of random question to make them relax because they were a bit shy. We talked to them about what are their favorite songs, TV shows, bands and so on. I was very surprised that one of these children watched the same Korean TV show that I also watch regularly. They mentioned that they also play several gadgets but not as addictive as Jakarta people would because these children always go out and play with their friends if they have spare time at home or at school. They had several social medias such as Facebook and Twitter and they check them regularly.

What amazed me most is their love toward dance. In a young age, they are very passionate about this dance and tari Angguk is not the only dance they mastered, but there are also other traditional dances that they can do very well for instance Jaipongan. They learned other traditional dances at school because they provide these children with extracurricular of these traditional dances. Talking with them I thought that these children were just young people that only have dance and play around in their mind. However, they turned out to be very mature and realistic. When we asked about what do they want to be when they grow up, I thought they were going to say that they wanted to be dancers. Nevertheless, they stated realistic jobs such as nurse, teacher, and writer. For such a young age, they already know realistic jobs that compared to me when I was their age, I still dream to be something that I would never pursue.

Afterwards, we kept talking about how do they want to live in the future and whether they want to come and live in Jakarta. As mentioned before, some of these children had been to Jakarta before and stayed for 3 days. They said that they like Jakarta because you can find everything there, so many tall buildings and colorful places. They enjoyed visiting Jakarta, but they would not stay there. They like the place where they grew up and also a lot of their friends live in Jogjakarta, they said they were afraid to leave them. Jakarta was a nice place to them, but they said that Jakarta was too hot and too crowded.

Their dedication to dance, especially toward traditional dance is incredible. They are willing to spend hours of practice and give up their day off from school to dance. As for young people that still have their unstable wants and needs, their passion toward dance was very shown from how they speak and they move the motion of the dance. Seeing this, I know that this is a part of their journey of becoming who they want to be in the future and hopefully their passion toward something in the future will be as big or even bigger that what they have right now.

The last visit of the trip was Gerabah Kasongan. There we tried to make ceramics from clay that we could form into ashtray or pencil case. We did not interact much with the sellers and with the ones that taught us how to form the ceramics because we were to focused on creating something that we had not done in a long time. Personally for me, the last time I played with clay was when I had a trip to Cirebon in junior high school.

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The sales of the the ceramics were done helped with internet marketing. So, when we wanted to look for ceramics souvenir for weddings or birthdays on the Internet, once we searched we then would find Gerabah Kasongan on the first page and top of the lists. They have shipped these ceramic souvenirs to all over Indonesia and the furthest is Papua. They also shipped these souvenirs to outside of Indonesia, however the range is still in Asia, such as China, Arab and many more.

What amazed me was that we could really focus on making ceramics and coloring them that we forgot to asked the sellers about the products and the business. We also forgot about our gadgets for awhile and have deeper conversation with each other and enjoying making these ceramics.

This trip was a blast. It was not a trip to look for good grades for our assignments, but it is way for us to refresh ourselves from all the hectic-ness we have in past days. For me, it was an eye and heart opening for me, because I saw so many different things that I perceived through only one perspective but being there made me see these those things through different perspectives and that was beautiful.

My first epiphany from this trip is to never hold back. I am always afraid to do something or to create something just because I am simply afraid of what people might think about me or my creation and afraid to fail. However, I now realize that I have to go for whatever I like and passionate most that I have to have courage and have faith that I am able to do anything if I do it with efforts and prayers. Moreover, I have to do it for me first and from me.

My next epiphany is to see things from different perspective. I cannot assume that this would be bad or this would fail or this is not my style, because if I see it from such different perspective and see it as a whole then it could be very beautiful and surprising.

My last epiphany is to start my own journey. Seeing these people I visited, listening to what they have been through and are going through amazing different journeys that when they look back they would realize of how much they have struggled and how much they have had tremendous times of getting to where they are right now or getting to where they want to be. And I want to do this too. I want to start my own journey by creating and doing something that can make myself proud of me and then I can make most important people in my life be proud of me.

Culture Epiphany during The Central Java Wandering By Sharfina

Inspirasi Kediri Bertutur

INTRODUCTION

This writing is one of the selected essays done by undergraduate students of “Consumer Analysis” from University of Indonesia, the faculty of social and political sciences, communication program of advertising international class 2013.

The humble beginnings of Kediri Bertutur originated from a cultural journey: “I am fully aware that to reach quality of life does not mean gaining a higher level of status and wealth. In my journey, I am seeking quality of life based on spiritual humanism that moves my very being on this earth. This lesson I can only gain from a cultural journey,” Kandi Windoe.

Inspired by the same spirit, Kediri Bertutur takes the undergraduate students on their own cultural journeys. Kediri Bertutur presents Sharfina Indrayadi’s personal writing after taking the journey to Jogja in November 2014.

Culture Epiphany during The Central Java Wandering
By Sharfina Indrayadi

Earlier before, it has never come to my mind how preserving our traditions and culture is such a huge deal. If I could be more specific, I believe most of people had known the great amount of importance on preserving our cultures but it won’t hit them that hard if they did not experience the extinction of our cultures itself and how mind blown it is without having actual interaction with the culture and the people who does that. A fortune comes in my way when I had a chance to explore and merge with the people who happen to still doing it. In a short time span of the trip, not just learning and knowledge experiences each people had given me, but I also got the life lesson within each traditions, arts, and culture that is extremely divine and possibly life changing.

This experience got me a flashback to the last time I went to Yogyakarta that is approximately three or four years ago.  Back then, it was a pretty laid back seven-days trip to do with my junior high school friends, and almost nothing more in Yogyakarta is special than just hanging and spending time with my friends enjoying the city. I found that it is very unfortunate of me to not explore more about this city as I realize now that this city has more than just its urban life and sweltering weather. Back then, I’ve got very low exposure with the cultures and arts within and surround this area.

Few weeks ago was another shot for me to explore more about Central Java––the arts, traditions, and culture. I had a chance to visit three cities, which are Jogjakarta, Magelang, and Solo. At the end of the trip, I end up learning plenty life experience as I interact with the people I had encountered.

Plenthe Percussion

Solo, Jawa Tengah was the first destination. Here we encountered a unique music group who play percussion as their signature. It is very uncommon and sounds a bit dull at first time knowing that all of them are famous only by playing percussion or drums set or any type of traditional drums. I imagine how soundless and non-melodically the music would be if percussion is placed as the main instrument in making music. But turns out, it was splendid. Seeing the group playing the music is incredible. Looking at how they performed was beyond amused and surprised than ever. Those talented men happen to combine traditional/ethnic music with several other music genres that is quite familiar among us. Be it Pop, Jazz, Rock, Classic, Hip Hop, or Blues. They combined it all and impressively produce an outstanding and unusual music.

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Watching their performance live and had a chance to listen a brief of their music samples earlier got me a feeling where I find how proud I am to have such people with great talent and outstanding taste of music without forgetting their roots culture in this country. During our conversation, I could see how low profile they were. They express themselves to the music wholeheartedly. It seems like fame and money were not the main purposes in playing music. This attitude taught me to keep myself as low profile as them. We can see how sincere they play music because it is something that they love about their culture. Modernity does affect them but they seem to still hook up with their tradition by still composing music with traditional taste and instruments––others might still busy with updating themselves alongside the western culture that is believed as the direction for a better lifestyle. It is relieving to met people who do music and arts without aiming for the glitters and gold, without doing it with any bad personalities like several top musicians before, and just sincerely doing what they love and not forgetting their obligatory as Indonesian to conserve the culture by producing music with traditional based instrument and rhyme/tone and mix it with modernity aspects in music. Whether they knew it or not, their attitudes and creativity positively have inspired many people before, including myself.

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Abdi Dalem Keraton Yogyakarta

If there is one person to look up to for his/her sincerity on being loyal to someone, abdi dalem would be my personal role model. Abdi dalem is the people who serve the Sultan of Keraton Yogyakarta and his family. During our trip, we encountered two abdi dalem who work as kaprajan and punakawan. First impression of meeting those people was in a bit tense, as we know that they are the servants of Sultan, and we converged in Keraton so most of people would do any attempt to focus on being polite that lead each of us to feel uncomfortable and bumbling. But as the interview goes on, turns out they were not as I expected before as a very conservative, old-fashioned, and introvert people. Turns out they were very welcoming, gracious, and most importantly we had a pleasant talk.

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One sentence stuck in my mind coming from Mas Mono––servant in administration branch and has served for quite long time in Keraton––is “Banyak disuruh-suruh, banyak tahu“, a single simple sentence that brought significant meaning to my life. Once I heard it, I completely understand how come they would be such faithful with their Sultan. Most people are spoiled enough to be asked for. Excuses coming all the way from the mouth just to neglect or reject their tasks and duty. Those abdi dalem had taught me to quit complaining much on little things that shouldn’t. Although the tasks was that hard to be accomplished, we just have to do it, because more or less there will be something to learned or known by doing that task.

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Guidance from those abdi dalem would help me to be more independent, less spoiled, never complain on little things, and start to making something whether its working for someone or making any creation because in the end I will get plenty skills once I’ve completed any tasks just like the abdi dalem, who sincerely doing their Sultans tasks and complete their duty because there is no expectation on any reward in return. Having an extra knowledge is a great reward for them after all.

Yayasan Pamulangan Beksa Sasminta Mardawa

Famous for their Yogyakarta classical dance and karawitan course, this studio is still located in Yogyakarta. Being well known for their high quality in teaching and performing Yogyakarta classical dance and karawitan since 1962 and has been performing worldwide. She is Ibu Siti Sutiah, a dancer and was one of the abdi dalem back then, the teacher of dancing lesson in this remarkable studio. She put her dedication towards dancing very high until dancing has become her life for many years. Seeing how passionate she does, encourage me to look and committed to my passion.

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Ibu Siti Sutiah has been learning Yogyakarta classical dance since she was a little girl, when she saw a group of traditional dancer with her father. Story of how she found her passion inspired me to do so. She has been so committed with classical dancing for many years. Her dedication in loving this traditional dancing made her to keep on conserving this culture by teaching others.

No wonder that this traditional dance studio has gone worldwide and got plenty appreciation among the audience whom the majority are expatriates. She also stated that doing traditional dancing brings many positives impact to her life and taught her many lessons. In Yogyakarta classical dancing, the rhythm and moves are slower than any modern dancing type, because this taught us to be patient with fully dedication in learning process.

Graphic Designer ing Kampung Salaman

Kampung Salaman is located in Magelang, Central Java. I assumed how odd this place as I discover a bunch of people who is capable in graphic designing. Surprisingly, these people don’t have a proper education in graphic designing. Most of them work as a labor or farmer in the morning, but at night, they took someone’s order to design things like logo. Earning from designing is paid not only in rupiahs but also dollars. It is discovered that many foreign company has detected this potential and hire them as their designer undoubtedly.

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Those self-taught graphic designer encourage me to maximize the potential within myself. Fact that they learn everything by themselves made me realize that each of us has the potential in what are we going to be. They realize that they will achieve everything they had wanted if they work hard and keep on practicing.

Sanggar Tari Angguk Sri Panglaras Kulon Progo

Main difference I experienced between this destination with the other previously is when I interact with the children who are the student in this sanggar. The kids who become the students in this sanggar come from differ variety of ages between kids, teenagers, and even toddlers. The youngest participant in this class is a 2 year-old girl, and most of the student went to take this course when they were in the beginning of their early years of elementary school or kindergarten. Their willingness and commitment for traditional dancing is quit huge as I talk to some of the students back then.

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I always love to see someone who does arts, and those kids over there are very inspiring with their full of spirits whenever they are about to dance. They love on traditional dancing reflected as they dance and through their commitment in doing it. Some of them admitted to start learning tari angguk because she aware of her tradition. She believes that it is her responsibility to conserve her culture in order to passes down the tradition to the next generation. The 10 year-old-girl had convinced me that in order to preserve our culture, we have to learn to love our culture beforehand, just like she does. It takes a huge commitment to do traditional dancing, and these kids have that spirits and willingness to do that wholeheartedly and with pleasures, while other grown ups seems doesn’t really care or even know what their culture really is.

Gerabah Kasongan

Gerabah Kasongan is the perfect place to end my central Java wandering. This last destination is very exhilarating, as we are planned to do some handy craft at this place. Doing handy craft was never been enough amusement for me before. But at that time, I found everybody seems to enjoy crafting, making gerabah from a batch of clay and painting clay figures. I guess that after all we’ve been through and done in our hometown, which very well known of its modernity and urban lifestyle, all of us needed a break. Not just a break from our routine schedule, but every one of us need a break to be detached with the dependency of technology, like gadgets and other type of electronics.

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When doing handy craft with the clay, it brought back my childhood memories. The time when I used to regularly play outside of my house with my friends, riding a bicycle, put on my rollerblade, do a lot outdoor sports, or even just to play hide-and-seek in my backyard. Some activities that force us to make something, not just sitting and let the technology saves our daily activities. Making gerabah turns out to be very amusing unlike what I’ve expected before. It triggers our mind to be more creative, and keep thinking creatively.

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Meeting the Punks of Pekanbaru by Putri

Inspirasi Kediri Bertutur

INTRODUCTION

This writing is one of the selected essays done by undergraduate students of “Consumer Analysis” from University of Indonesia, the faculty of social and political sciences, communication program of advertising international class 2013.

The humble beginnings of Kediri Bertutur originated from a cultural journey: “I am fully aware that to reach quality of life does not mean gaining a higher level of status and wealth. In my journey, I am seeking quality of life based on spiritual humanism that moves my very being on this earth. This lesson I can only gain from a cultural journey,” Kandi Windoe.

Inspired by the same spirit, Kediri Bertutur takes the undergraduate students on their own cultural journeys. Kediri Bertutur presents Elizabeth Putri Narwastu’s writing after taking her personal journey to Pekanbaru in 2014.

Meeting the Punks of Pekanbaru

Introduction: The city of Pekanbaru and The trends in Pekanbaru

Pekanbaru is the capital city of Riau Province. According to Indonesia’s Official Tourism Website (2013), Pekanbaru is the third largest city in Sumatra Island after Medan and Palembang. The city is located near North Sumatra, West Sumatra, Jambi and it is also near Singapore and Malaysia. Hundred of years ago, before the Americans struck oil in Pekanbaru, according to the official site of Pekanbaru city, this city used to be a place where trading happened near the outfall of Siak River where many traders from various cultures met. This is the main reason why the citizens of Pekanbaru city are diversed. Pekanbaru city is a melting pot of Malayan, Minangnese, Bataknese, Javanese and Chinese cultures.

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Because of the acculturation of cultures in Pekanbaru, many Pekanbaru natives are confused about their own culture. Events about culture appreciation are very rare in Pekanbaru. The government of Pekanbaru is currently focusing on the development of the infrastructure. The development of the infrastructure started in 2012, when PON (Pekan Olahraga Nasional) or National Sports Week was held in Pekanbaru. Because Pekanbaru was chosen to become the host of PON, the government invests on developing the infrastructure of the city for example by renovating the Sultan Syarif Kasim II Airport and building the main stadium. The budget was corrupted by the governor of Riau at that time, Rusli Zainal and made him and the other suspects arrested. After this case, the next governor Annas Maamun also got arrested because of corruption and two sexual harrasment cases. From this evidence, this indicates that the government of Riau haven’t given their focus fully on the development of culture appreciation. Both previous governers are only focusing on project that have big budgets so that they could corrupt it.

Even though events about culture appreciation are very rare in Pekanbaru, the youngsters also need entertainment and have other activities other than hanging out at Coffee Shops or the Siak Bridge on Saturday Nights, unlike in Jakarta, Yogyakarta or Solo where there are always events every week or every month whether it is about music events or concerts,bazaars or traditional cultural events. After doing my desktop research, I have found out that even music events are rare in Pekanbaru. The only music events which are annualy held are underground music events or scenes which are provided by certain communities. The underground music scenes in Pekanbaru are mostly featuring bands and musicians with punk rock and metal rock genres. This means that youngsters in Pekanbaru enjoy this genre of music and many of them adopt this lifestyle or trend. Not only in Pekanbaru, I have also found out from one of the locals of Pekanbaru that  other cities in Sumatra Island mostly have their underground music communities and held annual rock concerts for example in Palembang, Padang and Medan.

One of the music communities that I found through desktop research is the Bawah Tanah United community. I added the facebook profile of the community and gain some information about an upcoming music gig and the bands that were featured in it. From an article in Bertuahpos (2014), Bawah Tanah United is a community for indie bands with punk, hardcore or metal genres in Pekanbaru. This community was established in 2003 by the founder, Fino whose enthusiast about the punk lifestyle, and hardcore music genres. Bawah Tanah United have created 9 bands, some of them are KILLERBEE, Joni Death and Melayu Chaos. Bawah Tanah United creates annual events for the bands they support, open a music school for street punk kids who wants to learn to play music and became members of the community. This community even have it’s own record label which is the Dapur Terror Record. Bawah Tanah United also make band merchandises. Some people from the community also provide photography services for music events and even pre-weddings.

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Concept of Punk

Before continuing further about the research and the findings, a brief understanding about the concept of Punk is needed in order to understand the following subjects. According to Oxford Dictionary, Punk is a a loud, fast-moving, and aggressive form of rock music, popular in the late 1970s. Other definition of Punk is “deliberately cultivated an image of violence, deviance, and repugnance at the very inception of the subculture” (Leblanc 39).

Punk music emerged in the late 1970s both in London (United Kingdom) and New York, (United States). In New York, many bands like The Ramones, The Velvet Underground and New York Dolls became popular because there is a place called CBGB & OMFUG in Manhattan, New York, where it regularly let the pioneers of punk bands such as The Ramones, Patti Smith, and the Velvet Underground perform. These bands became popular underground music scene in New York. In London, the Sex Pistols were also becoming a hit sensation because of their songs are about rebelling against the condition in England at that time. Quoted from an Article “The History of Punk Rock” by Ryan Cooper, a punk music expert, “The economy in the United Kingdom was in poor shape, and unemployment rates were at an all-time high. England’s youth were angry, rebellious and out of work. They had strong opinions and a lot of free time” . This is how punk rock and Sex Pistols was born in London. The Sex Pistols created songs about their opinions about England’s condition at that time and how they would like to rebel against the norms. Many young people are influenced by the Sex Pistol’s songs and soon they started listening to Sex Pistols’ songs and follow the punk fashion trend which is created by Malcolm McClaren, the vocalist of Sex Pistols.

News and information about Punk music became popular in the 1970s. Teenagers and young adults are influenced by this genre of music and this lifestyle of rebelling against the norm.

Research Objective and Research Method

From all of my desktop research and personal experiences from a friend of mine, it is clear that it is rare to find a cultural appreciation themed event or activity in Pekanbaru and the youngsters are not fully interested in this kind of activity. I also found out that the most popular event and the music scene in Pekanbaru is mainly about underground music. Besides listening to the music, of course most of them had been affected by the lifestyle of the music genre itself, which is Punk. Therefore, my research objective is to know why do these youngsters adapt this culture instead of their own culture. In order to achieve my research objective, I have decided that I will conduct and in depth interview Fino and one of the bands he has helped producing, which is Melayu Chaos to understand more about the reason why they adopt the Punk culture, their way of life and how they define Punk itself. I was interested in interviewing and meeting Melayu Chaos because from the name of their band, it seems that they also appreciate their own culture, which is Malayan culture but they express it through Punk music. In order to meet Fino and Melayu Chaos, I need to attend a concert that will be held on October 18th, 2014 and the main guest star of the Concert is Burgerkill, a successful international award winning trashcore metal band from Bandung and Killerbee. Killerbee is also one of the bands from Pekanbaru who are now successful because of Bawah Tanah United and was launching the 2nd album at the Concert. Besides interviewing Fino and Melayu Chaos, I will also interview some of the youngsters who attend the concert to compare them, the Punks from Pekanbaru with the Punks from Jakarta.

Other than going to the concert, I would also like to stroll around the city of Pekanbaru. I will go strolling and visit the famous Coffee Shops, the most popular Shopping Mall and also the market at the ’Pecinan’ or the Chinatown. The objective of visiting these places is to do a comparison of the consumption pattern between the citizens of Pekanbaru and Jakarta.

Experiences and Findings

On the first day in Pekanbaru, after I landed at Sultan Syarif Kasim II Airport I went to Pecinan to have breakfast at one of the Coffee Shops there. They say that you could learn the culture of a foreign place if you go to the market and eat their street food.  As I stroll on the market, I observe the people in the market and from observing I learn that all the mixed cultures or the melting pot is in that particular market. While strolling , I could listen to Chinese karaoke songs while buying rendang spices from a Minangnese woman and listen to conversations in Hokkien Chinese, Minangnese, Bataknese and Javanese from the transactions between the sellers of the market and the buyers. After I went on a stroll, I went to get my breakfast at one of the Coffee Shops. The coffee shop is packed with adults and elders from various ethnic groups having breakfast. They love to have long conversations while drinking good coffee and eating delicious foods. Some of the people there even play card games while having coffee. There aren’t many youngsters at the coffee shop at that time because it was Friday morning and the youngsters must had been at school or their workplace. After I asked the waitress there she said that the youngsters visit the shop during lunch or dinner and Saturday nights is when it is most crowded. Coffee Shops in Pekanbaru and all over Sumatra Island are known for it’s delicious coffee, it’s toast, fried kway teow, mie pangsit or noodles with dumplings and even porridge.

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After I visited the market, I went to the most popular Mall in Pekanbaru which is the Ciputra Mall. There are only three big shopping malls in Pekanbaru which are SKA Mall, Pekanbaru Mall and Ciputra Mall. These malls are not as big as Jakarta’s shopping malls. Pekanbaru citizens do not shop to malls very often. They prefer to buy their daily needs at the traditional markets or regular grocery stores instead of going to mini markets such as Alfamart and Indomart and going shopping to big supermarkets for example, Hypermart or Giant. There are only few mini markets and supermarkets in Pekanbaru because there is only one Hypermart and Giant. From my observation after strolling at the mall, there are only few visitors in that mall. I joined some of the youngsters there and asked them a few questions while having coffee with them. Even though they are in the middle of a reunion, but they are very kind for letting me joined them. There are four of them, one of them is studying at University of Riau, the other is studying at Universitas Sumatra Utara and another one is currently studying at Universitas Islam Bandung. They were having a reunion and I was clearly interrupting them but, they were very fun and they were very responsive to all of my questions.

Most of the youngsters prefer this particular Mall because it has a cinema and they love to watch movies and also because there is a famous coffee shop in that Mall which is Kim Teng Coffee Shop. The youngsters don’t go to Starbucks to hang out but they prefer traditional coffee shops more because according to them, the coffee tastes  better and it is less expensive and the food is very good. I strongly agree with their opinion.

When being asked about what do they think about Jakartans, they said that they actually don’t really care about them but the respondent who studies at Bandung said that some of her college mates from Jakarta are sometimes very arrogant but she said not all of them are. She said that she wants to be friends with them but she doesn’t know how to because according to her, the Jakartans are hard to approach. She also do not like the behavior of her college mates who drinks and go clubbing. She said it is not right to spend your parent’s money on something so expensive and wasteful. While she was stating this her friends were also agree.

I also asked them what international brands that they like. The girl who studies at Bandung said that she trusts international brands for sport shoes just like her Nike’s and for clothes brands she doesn’t seem to bother the need to have clothes that are from expensive brands such as Zara, H&M or Mango. She said if she finds something comfy she would buy and wear it. The girl who studies at University of Riau also agreed with her. For the guy who studies at Universitas Sumatra Utara, he said he likes ‘Beats by Dr. Dre’ headphones. He said he has not bought the headphones yet because it is expensive, but he trusts expensive brands for electronic equipment because of the quality. From these statements, it is clear that the citizens of Pekanbaru are modern and sophisticated people. They are a tad similar to Jakartans but they are less consumptive. They understand the uses of sophisticated technology and the trends of fashion but they only buy the things they need.

The next day was the concert day. I went on culinary adventures in the city with my parents before they drive me to the concert on the afternoon. After they dropped me off, I went to interview some of the youngsters who were also waiting for the concert to start. Because I was a bit afraid of the punk guys, i decided to interview the girls first. They were the only girls whom I had managed to find during that time and they look friendly. The other girl looks like a normal punk girl and the other girl surprised me a bit because she was wearing a hijab and she is a metalhead. Not many punk girls and metalheads in Jakarta are wearing hijab so to me this is very unique. The first thing I asked them was what band are they waiting for and surprisingly they were waiting for Killerbee instead of the main band which is Burgerkill. The reason why they love this band is because this band is from Pekanbaru and they are proud of the band from their own hometown. I also asked them the reason why they listen to hardcore genre instead of mainstream music for example EDM or korean pop music like other girls. The first thing they said was it’s because they love it and the music is about expressing all the opinions and the anxiety you have. The girl with hijab said that even though metal sounded as if the vocalist is screaming nonsensical things, the lyrics the vocalist is screaming is actually formed by beautiful poetic and clever sentences and screaming it is the way to express it. The second reason why they chose to listen to this genre of music is because they feel cool because girls who listen to these kinds of genres are rare and therefore are always considered as cool. The next question I asked to them is why do they chose to adopt this lifestyle. The girl whose not wearing hijab said that it’s because this music is the thing that makes her feel brave to express her opinion. The girl with hijab said that she was proud of her music preference because she thinks that this music beautiful in the way it tries to express retained opinions.

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After I have interviewed the girls I stayed and hung out with them for a while and after that I decided to pick the next respondent which has to be a guy. Without knowing, the next respondent happened to be a bassist of a band from Padang called ‘Sporadic’. His name is Ferdi and he is the only respondent  whose name I remember because I spend most of my time at the concert with him and up until now still in contact with me. At first, I thought punk guys would be rude and such but after I talked to this guy and some of his friends, I found out that these punks are nice, friendly and humble people. I asked Ferdi what band was he waiting for and he said that he was watching the whole band lineups. The reason was because indie bands need supports and therefore he came to watch the new indie bands play. According to him, punk is not about anarchy but punk is about solidarity, being together to support each other and rebelling in a healthy way and of course for a good cause. He also told me a good story about how he went to live by himself to Pekanbaru when he graduated from high school to earn some money to help his band produce an album and also to save money for college because he was planning to pay for his own tuition. Even he is the same age as me, I find this person as a very mature person and I was embarrassed because I have always been supported by my parents up until now and everything is provided by them. If I want to produce an album I could simply ask my parents for money but  Ferdi and his band mates need to struggle in order to earn money to record their own songs. Ferdi also told me that he also struggled during that time when he was searching for a record label to help him and luckily a record label from Jogja saw his band’s talents and then decided to produce Sporadic.

After interviewing the youngsters and hung out with them around the concert area, I decided that  it was time to meet with Melayu Chaos and Fino at the backstage. Before meeting Melayu Chaos in person, I have already chatted via Facebook with the vocalist, Bang Mambay. He was very humble and friendly both online and in person. I remember I asked him can I buy his album but instead he gave it all two albums to me free via BlackBerry Messenger which is very nice of him.

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Bang Mambay said that the philosophy behind the name ‘Melayu Chaos’ is about five Malayan sons who have the same idealism which is punk. He said that this idealism was born because of his protest against the image that the government created about the negativity of punk community since 1999 until now. Bang Mambay and some of his band members were students at University of Riau and the bassist of the band is actually their lecturer at University of Riau. Melayu Chaos’ songs are mostly about solidarity, socialism, human rights and also the environment. Pekanbaru’s current situation is moving upwards in developing the infrastructure but the government is in chaos and that is why Melayu Chaos is trying to express their opinions about the injustice that happened in his own city. My favorite song from Melayu Chaos is titled ‘Alam’ and it is about the protest about the haze that has been destroying the weather in Pekanbaru. This haze is often cause by deforestation and burning the forest in order to create more land for palm oil plantations. I asked Band Mambay why does he chose punk lifestyle and he said that this is his way of expressing himself. I also asked him what is the definition of punk and what does he think about the correlation between punk and anarchism.  To him, punk is about expressing your idealism freely through a normless music. In order to play punk music, a person doesn’t need to have great skills in playing music, what matters is that the person could express himself through this normless music, even though he could only play three chords at the guitar for example. Bang Mambay also defines anarchism as rebelling, but in a positive way, through music for instance. Bang Mambay and his band is also anti capitalism. He said that the situation of the music industry in Indonesia is getting worse. Major record labels will ask for a huge amount of payment to produce an album and they could freely change the songs or the music of the musicians in order to make them commercial. He told me the struggles he faced when he and his band mates was trying to produce his first album because he needs to work to earn money to pay for it. Melayu Chaos produce their album in order to tell and to reach out to people about their expressions. They produce music in order to express themselves and to inspire people because Bang Mambay and his band mates actually have other jobs in order to support their daily needs and their main focus of creating their albums in not for the sake of the money.

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For the final question, I asked Bang Mambay what bands do Melayu Chaos got their inspiration from and he answered their inspiration is actually Iwan Fals instead of The Sex Pistols or The Ramones. They admire Iwan Fals because Iwan Fals also express his idealism and opinions through his songs even though Iwan Fals’ genre is certainly not punk music. Bang Mambay said that he like the Sex Pistols but he and his band do not adapt all the cultures from Western Punk because Sex Pistols follows free sex and drugs and Melayu Chaos are not agree in that aspect. Bang Mambay said ofcourse we could adapt a culture but we certainly must choose which right and which is wrong, which is good to be adapted and which is not.

After I hung out with the band, Bang Mambay kindly introduced me to Fino, the creator of Bawah Tanah United Community. I could only talk to Fino not for long because he was busy managing the concert and checking on Burgerkill. The reason why Fino and his friends created Bawah Tanah United Community during highschool was because punks can not walk alone, they need to belong in a community and be supported and also it is fun to meet people who has the same music taste as you do. He doesn’t care about what people perceive punks, the most important thing is they are not destructive and they never cause any trouble.

After I was done with all the interviews, I continued to watch the concert but I went home early before Burgerkill’s performance.

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Conclusions and the Ephiphany From The Trip

In conclusion, the reason why Pekanbaru youngsters adopt this Punk culture is because the condition of Pekanbaru makes them want to strongly express their opinions and they are also confused about how to express it through their own traditional culture because of the mixed melting pot of cultures and that is why they chose punk culture. Even though they adopt punk culture, I clearly remember many of the respondents wish Pekanbaru is more like Bandung or Yogyakarta. Even though Bandung and Yogyakarta are urban cities, the government supports culture appreciation and they hope the new government of Pekanbaru could be like Bandung or Yogyakarta’s government.

The punks from Pekanbaru are nice, friendly and humble people. They don’t drink and they are not rude unlike the punks from Jakarta. They are just a group of people who stick together and express themselves together through punk music.

This trip to Pekanbaru was a very life changing experience to me. I have found new  friends who have changed my perspective about the struggles of creating and expressing music. They taught me that creating music is not about fame and fortune, but it is about expressing yourself and trying to inspire people. After conversing with the respondents, I was also embarrassed because compared to them, my knowledge of music is still not as advanced as them. From now on, I will stay humble and learn as much as I can to improve my knowledge in music and also other aspects that are important in my life.

It used to be hard for me to approach a new person because I am an introverted person but because of the situation forces me, I learn that it is actually not that hard to start a conversation with strangers and I learn that conversations between people who have different cultural backgrounds are very insightful.

Because of this trip, as a punk music lover and listener without doubt I could say that Punk is not dead. The evidence is there in Pekanbaru, where the ideology of Punk is being practiced in a good positive way, where people gather by solidarity and together they freely express their opinions through loud fast beating normless music. Punk is still alive, here in Pekanbaru.

Reference list:

http://academic.mu.edu/meissnerd/punk.html

Leblanc, Lauraine. Pretty in Punk: Girls’ Gender Resistance in a Boys’ Subculture. Piscataway: Rutgers University Press, 1999

http://punkmusic.about.com/od/punk101/a/punkhistory2.htm

http://www.pekanbaru.go.id/sejarah-pekanbaru/

http://www.indonesia.travel/en/destination/913/pekanbaru-capital-of-the-riau-province

http://www.lonelyplanet.com/indonesia/sumatra/pekanbaru

http://bertuahpos.com/lifestyle/bawah-tanah-united-wadahnya-underground-di-pekanba.html

http://www.tempo.co/topik/masalah/2854/Korupsi-PON-Riau

http://news.liputan6.com/read/2110438/gubernur-annas-maamun-dugaan-asusila-hingga-ditangkap-kpk

A Journey to Solo by Mutiara

Inspirasi Kediri Bertutur

INTRODUCTION

This writing is one of the selected essays done by undergraduate students of “Consumer Analysis” from University of Indonesia, the faculty of social and political sciences, communication program of advertising international class 2013.

The humble beginnings of Kediri Bertutur originated from a cultural journey: “I am fully aware that to reach quality of life does not mean gaining a higher level of status and wealth. In my journey, I am seeking quality of life based on spiritual humanism that moves my very being on this earth. This lesson I can only gain from a cultural journey,” Kandi Windoe.

Inspired by the same spirit, Kediri Bertutur takes the undergraduate students on their own cultural journeys. Kediri Bertutur presents Mutiara personal writing after taking her own personal journey to Solo in 2014.

A Journey to Solo by Mutiara

In the light of refining an understanding on the behavior of particular group of consumers, one must procure and gain an actual experience in assorting and interacting with these people. For this purpose, this essay discusses the story of my journey to the city of Solo, Central Java. From the geographical standpoint, Solo is located in approximately 100 km south of Semarang and 60 km east of Yogyakarta. As it is located in relatively far distance from provincial capital, Solo has preserved its cultural property.

In fact, the regal city of Solo, or widely known as Surakarta, is recognized for its courtesy and legacy in Javanese traditions and culture. A short visit to this city serves as a valuable opportunity to study, listen, explore, and discover the sounds of meaningful Javanese ancient culture. The sole ambition to begin a journey to Solo was to comprehend the characteristic and behavior of young generation in Solo. I followed that ambition through field observation and true conservation with young people who are currently living in this city.

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This essay discusses the contrast viewpoint of young generation who are living in the village of Solo. The first part of this essay discusses the first story of my journey that captures the tale of youth in Solo who dedicate their lives to appreciate the heritage of Wayang and Karawitan as a part of Javanese culture. On the contrary, the second part of this article examines the shifting in the habits and way of life of young generation in Solo following the introduction of urban culture from Jakarta. The third part of this essay highlights the major contrast distinction between young generation in Solo and Jakarta. In the final analysis, I present three key learning from my journey.

The Journey

During my short trip to Solo, I had a rare opportunity to engage with a certain local community. This community is consisted with a group of young people with ages range from 17-22 years old, which spend most of their lifetimes to preserve the cultural heritage from their ancestors. In specific, they spend their daily life to learn and respect the art of Wayang Orang Sendratari Ramayana and Karawitan.

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Wayang is generally considered as the highlight of Javanese culture. The history of the presence of Wayang in Indonesia brought us back to 930 C.E. when the first record of Wayang performance with a title of ‘si Galigi Mawayang’ or ‘Sir Galigi played Wayang’ was founded. The first Wayang performance told a story about the hero Bhima from the Mahabharata. In the present time, certain indigenous features of traditional Wayang still can be found in every performance of Wayang Orang. The master behind the entire performance of Wayang Orang depends on the Dalang, or a figure who sits behind the screen and narrates the story. Each performance of Wayang Orang is presented with one of the oldest culture music instrument, Gamalan orchestra.

In addition to Wayang Orang, these young people also study the art of Karawitan. In its definition, Karawitan is a musical tradition that was developed in Java, Indonesia. Karawitan is derived from sanskrit word of rawit, meaning soft. It is believed that a performance of Karawitan is able to reflect and describe the values and heritage of Javanese music philosophy. Through immersing themselves with the elegance of traditional music, young people in Solo prefer to listen traditional music in comparison with modern music. They are concern that traditional music has been oblivious by the youth in Jakarta due to the increasing preference of global modern music.

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Most of young people in Solo who recognize the heritage of Wayang and dedicate their lives to learn the art of Wayang Orang Sendratari Ramayana are born and raised in Solo. They are currently still attending Institut Seni Indonesia (ISI) Solo as students. Contrary to the ways of life in young Jakartans, these young people spend their everyday lives to attend their classes and study the art of Wayang Orang. Despite of increasing influence of western culture in the country, these young people have a sole purpose to respect, appreciate, and preserve the cultural heritage of Wayang Orang. For this reason, they are concern with the lifestyle of young generation in Jakarta.

Following the emergence of western culture in the country, young people in Jakarta are fond in modern leisure activities.

In this situation, the local art and culture are forgotten. Their message to young generation in Jakarta is to increase their awareness and proud with local culture instead of embracing the western culture.

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Given the current high profile dedication with regard to local cultural and art legacy by young people in Solo, it is quite surprising that young people who are currently living in a village of the city has a contrast way of life. In specific, this particular group of young people adopts contemporary lifestyle of Jakarta despite of their modest family. Following the entry of branded goods into the city, many young people in Solo are willing to purchases these goods as part of their efforts to adapt with contemporary lifestyle.

During my journey to Solo, I met a young girl named Devi. She is 21 years old this year. Prior the emergence of contemporary style of living, she was only a modest and common village child. However, through the advancement of technology, she was able to observe the development and evolution of the lifestyle in Jakarta. Notwithstanding with her financial limitation, she made a try to follow the modern lifestyle by purchasing high quality, branded, and expensive products. That being said, Devi has became are presentation of consumptive young people in Solo for her desire to increase her dignity by possessing modern way of living and leaving her modesty lifestyle.

Whilst the discussion in the preceding paragraph briefly outlines two-contrast viewpoint of young peer group in Solo, the core theme of this section is to highlight the major distinctions between young generation in Solo and Jakarta. Foundational to this, there are two core distinctions between young peer group in Solo and Jakarta that will be discussed in the following paragraphs.

First of all, there is a contrast behavior with reference to local cultural legacy amongst young people in Jakarta and Solo. The rising generation in Solo believes that preserving their culture is an essential part of their responsibility. For that belief, they dedicate their youth to study about local arts and cultural legacy by learning the art of Wayang Orang Sendratari Ramayana and Karawitan.

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On the contrary, the rising generation in Jakarta has little, if not, no awareness on the duty to preserve and enhance local arts and culture. As a consequence, the legacy of local arts and culture, including Wayang Orang, is forgotten by young peer group in Jakarta.

An equally significant aspect of the differences between young people in Jakarta and Solo can be identified in the influence of western culture on the behavior of these young peer groups. Despite of the increasing and exposure of western culture in Solo for the past few years, these young people have not been able to leave their cultural heritage. In this manner, young people in Solo chose to ignore the emergence of western culture and protect the local culture from being neglected.They feel the importance of promoting the diverse cultures of Indonesia. Evidence for in support of this position can be found in the rejection of modern music and arts by young peer group in Solo.

This is in contrast to the influence of western culture on the behavior of young people in Jakarta. From the beginning, the indigenous people of Jakarta are the Betawi, possessing diverse and delightful arts and culture, including the tanjidor, ondel-ondel, festival setu babakan, the lenggang nyai dance, and other Betawi dance and theater art. In the past, people from diverse ethnic background and cultures would visit Jakarta to experience the beauty of its arts and music performance.

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Nevertheless, the young admire popular foreign culture, including its music, movies, fashion products, and lifestyles. The global music industry has attracted Jakarta youth. Furthermore, there is a tendency for the young to prefer foreign recognized brands and products. More importantly, they deify and follow foreign celebrities’ lifestyle, which seems to indicate they have lost their love for local cultures and arts.

A couple of factors may have contributed to the shift in the way young in Jakarta preserve local arts and culture. In the first place, technological advancement enables young to freely explore foreign songs and movies. The Internet also enables Jakarta youth to study foreign celebrities’ lifestyle and purchase foreign brands and products. Secondly, social media has played a significant role in facilitating the rise of this contemporary lifestyle.

Following the end of my journey to Solo, I would like to note several positive and important messages for the young in Jakarta. For the youth of Jakarta today, national identity is needed to maintain their roots in the globalized world. However, it is important to note that access and exposure to foreign cultures and social media is inevitable for younger people in Jakarta. For this reason, young people in Jakarta today must be able to preserve the local arts and culture by creating and engaging with local community that promote local culture to both Jakarta and international citizens. For instance, youth in Jakarta may hold traditional dance, music, and theater performance to protect the sustainability of local arts and culture.

As has been noted, the purpose of my journey to the city of Solo, East Java, is to gain greater understanding on the characteristic and behavior of young generation in Solo through field observation. In this final analysis, I note three wisdom and learning that I procured following the close of my journey. First of all, the journey has uncovered potential negative impact of the influence of foreign culture to the behavior of young generation. In the first place, high influence of foreign culture encourages young people to prefer and purchase highly recognized brands that are relatively more expensive in comparison with local brands, despite of their circumstances. This can be observed from increasing globally recognized brands that penetrate into the Indonesian market. While this is the case, Indonesian youth generation is increasingly become more consumptive with foreign brands. As a consequence, local brands are often forgotten and forced to declare its bankruptcy.

Equally important, the second key learning from this journey inspired me to embrace and protect the beauty of Indonesian arts and culture. Contemporary lifestyle that has taken its roots in many of Jakarta youth make us forget that Indonesia used to be recognized for its diverse and rich culture. The story about young peer groups in Solo has reminded all of us to join their paths in embracing and reintroducing Indonesian arts and culture.

Finally, this journey teaches an important lesson for youth generation in Jakarta to engage with foreign products and brands without losing their roots as the residents of Indonesia. It has been shown that access to Internet and social media are inevitable for young people in Indonesia, in particular for those who are living in Jakarta. For the purpose of education and employment, most of these young people are required to understand the global technological advancement. However, this does not merely indicate the need to overlook the legacy of national culture. On the contrary, youth generation shall use their knowledge to embrace and spread the message about the importance to preserve national arts and culture. Technology provides meaningful opportunity for youth generation to communicate the national cultural property across Indonesia.

The key aspect discussed in this essay has produced a sole message for youth generation in Jakarta to recognize the need to protect and preserve national arts and culture and to promote this nationalism across the geographical border, despite of their accesses to Internet and social media. In conclusion, as youth generation holds the future of a nation, they have a duty and commitment to protect and preserve Indonesian’s arts and culture.

The Journey to Jogja by Dilla

Inspirasi Kediri Bertutur

INTRODUCTION

This writing is one of the selected essays done by undergraduate students of “Consumer Analysis” from University of Indonesia, the faculty of social and political sciences, communication program of advertising international class 2013.

The humble beginnings of Kediri Bertutur originated from a cultural journey: “I am fully aware that to reach quality of life does not mean gaining a higher level of status and wealth. In my journey, I am seeking quality of life based on spiritual humanism that moves my very being on this earth. This lesson I can only gain from a cultural journey,” Kandi Windoe.

Inspired by the same spirit, Kediri Bertutur takes the undergraduate students on their own cultural journeys. Kediri Bertutur presents Alida Rahmalia Awaluddin personal writing after taking the journey to Jogja in November 2014.

THE JOURNEY TO JOGJA BY DILLA

One will always be mesmerized by culture and all it’s diversity of a city or even a country. That’s how I feel last 2 weeks went I explored Jogja and all its uniqueness.

Indeed we went to Jogja but we also discovered Solo, Magelang, Bantul, and also Kulonprogo which are places that are of some distance away from Jogja itself. Surprisingly, behind all of these small areas and places lies the people that will inspire you for the rest of your life. In fact, you never met these kind of people before, which makes the journey even interesting.

Moreover, there are too much reflection, contemplation, and pondering when I was in Jogja. It all felt like my brain was being surrounded by all things that are exquisite which in fact are too intense. Thus, I carried a notebook everywhere so if there are any thoughts that happened during the activity, I could not forget and write it down immediately.

With its variety of culture, we approached different things like from music, dance, art ceramics, arts, and the background of the culture too. Along the way during the trip, it’s just like collecting a unique stone. Each stop has it’s own exclusive thing that you will encounter.

First, of all the journey brought us to Solo. Where we met Plenthe Percussion. These people are the ones who are keep practicing and learning to achieve a great achievement. They achieve it but by appreciating the culture. Which is very inspiring and it’s all a conversation worthy, talking with them. It was from this stop that I learned that people who think that by simply “mabok” “pake obat” (those phrases which are often used in Indonesia) are one of the ways to gain inspiration is such a BIG NO NO. “It’s a misleading perception” they said, and I could really agree to what they’re saying. Which in fact it’s very true.

When you put all your heart and mind through your passion, everything goes well. This group of percussion is very inspiring and inspiring others is a job well done, and the way they played the instruments is indeed magical and I believe that great executions has a great process behind it too. They also showed a video of them performing which if I were too witness the performance live, I could feel goosebumps right at that moment. They had a great process behind it and they should be proud of it, but unfortunately the government until now didn’t pay attention to every detail of our culture. They should really take a look at this percussion group, because it’s spectacularly astounding in various ways because great executions should be rewarded, respected, and maintain its greatness.

Helping people sincerely is a kind-hearted job and thus those people are the ones that we should respect to. That’s how I saw Abdi Dalem that we met in Kraton Ngayograkarta Hadiningrat. At first, we had a hard time to start to conversation perhaps because the atmosphere tend to be so stiff. But nevertheless, we had a great conversation with them and we found out several things. In fact, they’re also the same just like us. They went to Jakarta and outside the Keraton, their attire won’t be as symbolic as their Abdi Dalem attire because they eventually know how to blend themselves with the surroundings. They know what it’s like to be us citizens of the city, but they also know their job which is to serve and help the Sultan in the Keraton.

Kindness doesn’t really cost a thing for them, because they do not ask something in return. It is the new way of being extraordinary, and I see them as one of the people that I should look up to.

Another thing that is captivating is the words that Bu Tia had said to us in Pendopo nDalem Pujokusuman, she is the dancer, teacher, and manager of Sanggar Pamulangan Beksa Sasmita Mardawa which is located in Jogjakarta, the city itself.

I googled her name and found out a web that showed a schedule to have an “Art talk” with Ibu Siti Sutiyah. No wonder, because talking with her is very engaging yet pleasing. She really did amused us and honestly, she’s a really good person and I’m very fond of her. She told us her experienced outside Jogja, where she had performed before, and shockingly she had gone through many different continents! And also by searching her name on google, “Oleh karena pendidikan dan profesinya,Bu Tiyah sering ikut dalam misi kesenian di Eropa Barat (1971),penari pada Hongkong Art Festival(1973), pengajar di UCLA,USA(1973 dan 1986), mengajar di Malaysia (1984), Oficial Misi Kesenian YPBSM ke Brazillia (1993), dan terakhir di Festival Okinawa University(1998).”

She’s very awe-inspiring and she also stated that dancing is a part of her life already. She has been dancing only for 56 years until now is not enough for her. The culture appreciation in Indonesia is still low because she had undergo an experience where dancing is much more appreciated when she went abroad. Sad to know that, because I knew what she meant. I’ve been to a cultural mission and other countries would appreciate our culture, but in our country? The awareness is still low. I believe from now on preserving our culture is important, the conversation of Ibu Tia leads me to go for another cultural mission and learn traditional dance like I used to.

Who would’ve known in Magelang that there are those talented graphic designers that are into on making logos and got paid in USD? As a design enthusiast, I was really happy to ind out that these people actually exists, Desainer ing Kampung in Desa Salaman. And the designs are in fact are beautifully designed logos which needs effort on making it. A farmer can design these logos, why couldn’t I do it as well? That’s the only thing that popped into my mind when I listened to the seminar.

People in the city have access to lots facilities that they could use, but the ones who live in “the desa” are lacking these facilities are in fact the ones that are more creative and more developed! That’s really one of the reason why people in the village show a great capability and potential. It’s great to know that because we need these kind of people in the near future as well as to enrich them with more facilities because they need it. Unlike us, we have but we rarely use it.

Learning from this desainer ing kampung, I learned that you need to maximize your potential, be creative as much as possible. As a designer, the job is not only by looking at the laptop’s screen but indeed you need to go out and seek some experience and inspirations. The more you explore, the more you learn something. A unique insight: you can build and make designs from Indonesian culture and archipelago, I also found out from a website that. Barong Bali menghiasi item tempur di game Call of Duty : Advanced Warfare http://bit.ly/1wfO4M3 It is said that the Barong that is from Bali was designed as a part of the game. Unique inheritance of our culture could amazingly be apply to anywhere! especially in design world, another one that I bought from dia.lo.gue gallery is a typography based on Indonesian calligraphy. Representing our culture in a cool way. I would like to design something about Indonesia someday, this seminar got me thinking to design a lot of more and be creative as much as possible too without thinking of the boundaries.

Located far away in Kulonprogo lies a sanggar tari which consists of little girls and big girls. That’s where I had a chit-chat with the girls of Sanggar Tari Sripanglaras. That’s the only sanggar tari in Kulonprogo. These girls enjoy dancing very much and they’re into it so much. They give a total performance every time they’re performing. A funny conversation caught my mind until now when Tiara (one of the girls) She’s only 5 years old said to me:

“Kalau dirumah aku biasanya main masak-masakan atau petak umpet sama temen-temenku yang tetanggaku juga. Kalo main iPad atau Laptop gangerti, takut rusak. Mainnya kalo udah gede aja.”

Funny, I thought, because in Jakarta that’s the exact opposite of what children are doing now. They get so in touch with gadgets and use it to play game. Sadly, no one remembers the fun of playing “petak umpet” or “masak-masakan” anymore. When I was small, my parents used to give me watercolor paintings because I like to paint so much. That’s really a nice way to treat the kids and with that they feel more playful rather than just to stick with gadgets. The girls are also into dancing so much, even though they’re little, they have their passion already and hoping to stick to it until the future. Thus, unlike now, people are still confused on what they’re going to do with their future, no longer know their passion. Since that, I know that passion are being practiced since you’re small. You grow with it until now.

Lastly, our stop was in Bantul and we visited Gerabah Kasongan. Bantul is the right place when you’re exploring for ceramics, art materials, and such. After eating all of us went straight on making the ceramic, I bet my lecturer, Mba Kandi was surprised of our behavior at that time because we’re so into the process of making the ceramic. Forgetting all the rest and immediately drowning ourselves into the process. It is very fun because we find it rare in the city to make this kind of ceramic unless you join a workshop. Sometimes, you need to get away from all “globalization” stuffs and be in touch again with the simplest from of nature all over again. Just like this, being up close and personal with clay.

Preserve, preserve, and preserve. It is your right and your job to make a safe place of your cultures. Know your cultures rights and do everything to maintain its magnificence. You might not know what will happen next if you promote our culture to foreigners or outsiders. It is very exclusive, rare, and uncommon and I believe that non-Indonesians will have their jaws dropped just because of it. Even Indonesians themselves are still blown away by all the diversity we have.

Overall, the trip is magnificent and I have gained so much from it. I’ve been to Jogja several times but this city always calls me back again and again. I’m not satisfied with what I’ve done in the city because I know there are so much more to explore. I would someday come back again to take photographs of the city and go to places I’ve never been before. Jogjakarta is indeed mind-blowing. Not to mention the culinary food as well. Because in your days, right now, spend your money on things that will enrich your life, not items that provide you with a sense of satisfaction and it’s that time where a period of metamorphosis, when we shed our youthful naïveté and begin to shape the world around us from what we’ve learned. So learn as much as possible, as you can. The more you learn, the more you earn.

JOGJA: Contemplation Through Culture by Axel

Inspirasi Kediri Bertutur

KATA PENGANTAR

Tulisan ini merupakan salah satu dari beberapa tulisan pilihan dari mahasiswa kelas “Analisa Konsumen” UNIVERSITAS INDONESIA, FAKULTAS ILMU SOSIAL & ILMU POLITIK, PROGRAM STUDI ILMU KOMUNIKASI, PROGRAM PENDIDIKAN S1 KLS INTERNASIONAL PERIKLANAN angkatan 2013.

Kediri bertutur diawali oleh sebuah perjalanan budaya: “Kusadari bahwa untuk mencapai tingkat kualitas kehidupan yang lebih baik bukan berarti mendapatkan status serta harta benda yang melimpah.  Dalam perjalananku, aku mencari kualitas hidup dimana spirit humanis yang menjadi penggerak jiwa ragaku. Pelajaran ini hanya bisa kudapatkan dengan melakukan perjalanan budaya,” Kandi Windoe.

Dengan spirit yang sama, Kediri Bertutur mengajak para mahasiswa untuk menemukan perjalanan budaya mereka. Saatnya Kediri Bertutur mempersembahkan karya Axel Hadiningrat saat Jejak Jalan Pintar ke Jogja November 2014.

JOGJA: CONTEMPLATION THROUGH CULTURE
BY AXEL HADININGRAT

Saya lupa kapan terakhir kali saya menginjakkan kaki saya di tanah Jogja, mungkin itu karena saya jarang sekali datang ke Jogja, padahal pada tahun 2001-2007 ayah saya tinggal di Jogja untuk bekerja dinas di sana, sehingga walaupun saya tidak pernah datang ke Jogja, kota yang penuh dengan kekayaan budaya itu bukanlah tempat yang asing bagi saya. Jika kita tarik garis sejarah, keluarga saya adalah keluarga yang sangat kental dengan budaya Jawa pada mulanya, bapak dari ayah saya adalah bagian dari keluarga keraton Solo, that’s why my last name is “Hadiningrat”. Nama sudah sangat jawa tapi kenapa saya baru sekali-dua kali datang ke Jogja? Hal ini kadang menjadi pertanyaan saya yang lucu, tetapi mungkin itu karena saya cenderung malas untuk jalan-jalan, saat saya masih sekolah dulu saya lebih memilih untuk berlibur di Bandung atau Jakarta saja dan mungkin sesekali berlibur ke luar negeri daripada datang ke Jogja.

Hal yang lucu lagi adalah ketika saya menonton tayangan FTV di TV dan ada salah satu adegan mengambil latar tempat di Malioboro Jogja, suddenly muncul perasaan “kok tiba-tiba gue jadi pengen kesana ya?” dan pada saat itulah saya berharap jika nanti ada waktu luang atau saat ada waktu untuk berlibur saya ingin sekali datang kesana. Akhirnya kesempatan itu datang beberapa minggu yang lalu. Saya mendapat tugas untuk datang dan mengeksplorasi kota Jogja dalam mata kuliah consumer analysis, therefore I’m very excited.

Hari pertama saya menginjakkan kaki saya di Jogja saat saya melihat kanan kiri, I totally forgot about the street and the ambience of this city, namun what I still remember adalah kehangatan yang menyapa saya. Lantunan lagu dari KLA Project “Yogyakarta” menemani perjalanan saya dari bandara menuju hotel penginapan, seakan lagu itu berpadu dengan suasana hangatnya kota Jogja.

Malam tiba saatnya rombongan bergegas untuk pergi ke suatu tempat di Solo untuk bertemu salah satu kelompok musisi local disana. Saat dalam perjalanan menuju kesana, saya agak sedikit judgemental terhadap komunitas ini, pertama saya berfikir bahwa mereka hanyalah musisi tradisional biasa, yang berkarya hanya dalam negeri saja, namun ternyata semua itu salah besar. Saat kami sampai ditujuan, saya sangat terheran dengan sapaan ramah dari tuan rumah.  Welcome to the house of plenthe, tempat yang sangat sederhana namun menyimpan bibit-bibit emas. Kami tamu yang baru saja datang disuguhi oleh berbagai macam makanan rumahan yang sangat lezat. Tulisan tidak dapat mengungkapkan betapa hangatnya suasana saat itu, namun yang dapat digambarkan adalah pengalaman dan ilmu yang sangat berharga pada malam itu.

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Good meal, and great conversation, hal itu yang menggambarkan suasana pada malam itu. Kami berkesempatan untuk sharing mengenai banyak hal baik itu budaya dan music bersama anggota dari plenthe. Plenthe adalah sebuah komunitas music kontemporer yang ada di Solo, hal pertama yang saya tanyakan kepada mereka adalah apa arti music bagi mereka. Menurut mereka music adalah segalanya, dari music mereka bisa hidup, dan sebagai manusia kita tidak pernah lepas dari audio. Hal yang membuat saya takjub adalah tentang wawasan mereka terhadap music. They felt the same way as I do towards Indonesian music quality, indeed my feeling is freaking tired about those such garbage on TV. Music karbitan yang menghiasi televisi Indonesia saat ini sangat disturbing dan tidak mendidik. Menurut plenthe, music menyuguhkan estetika, suatu keindahan, namun yang perlu dipertanyakan dari music saat ini adalah adalah nilai etika. Music Indonesia saat ini sangat tidak beretika, contoh yang mereka berikan adalah fenomena music dangdut koplo. Plenthe sangat mengidolakan didi kempot musisi dangdut keroncong yang sangat legendaris, menurut mereka wajah dari music koplo sangat jauh kualitasnya dibandingkan music dangdut aslinya. Tidak memikirkan nilai etika adalah disaat dangdut koplo juga terkesan memberikan nuansa pornografi didalamnya, ironisnya yang menonton dangdut koplo biasanya anak-anak kecil juga, dalam hal ini Plenthe sangat tidak kesal dan tidak setuju.

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Lebih jauh lagi kita berdiskusi tentang music, saya semakin amaze dengan wawasan mereka terhadap music, apalagi terhadap istilah istilah music yang jarang sekali kita tau, namun mereka sangat menguasainya. Kelompok music yang baru saja datang dari Canada sehari sebelumnya ini memperkenalkan kepiawayaian mereka dalam bermusik di studio workshopnya. Hardware dan software canggih menghiasi ruangan studio plenthe. Mereka mengenalkan music kontemporer yang selama ini telah membesarkan nama mereka. Setelah kita selesai berdiskusi, melihat mereka bermain, akhirnya kami berpamitan dengan mereka, hanya dalam selang 2-3 jam kita bersama mereka. Kami sudah dianggap selayaknya saudara jauh yang datang ke rumah mereka, hangat sapa, dan ramah tutur kata selalu teringat dibenak saya. Apa yang saya dapati setelah perjumpaan saya engan plenthe adalah keingingan mereka yang sangat kuat untuk mau belajar. Mereka selalu ingin mengeksplorasi apa yang ingin mereka ketahui, dan itulah yang membuat mereka menguasai apa yang mereka kerjakan, dan pada saat itulah saya mengerti seberapa penting arti sebuah pencarian ilmu bagi kehidupan kita.

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Hari berganti, dini hari terlewati. Awan mendung yang menyelimuti kota istimewa Jogja pagi itu begitu mengharu biru. Kami menyusuri jalanan kota Jogja dengan penuh semangat. Sampailah kita di Kraton ngayogyakarta jogja. Lagi-lagi kehangatan menyambut kami, terlihat dari kejauhan seiring kita berjalan dari parkiran, berdiri seorang pria yang sedang tersenyum melihat kami tiba menggunakan baju biru lengan panjang, dengan samping batik, memakai blangkon di kepala, tanpa menggunakan sandal. Beliaulah abdi dalem kraton yang bernama Mas Sigit. Setelah bersalaman, kami langsung digiring menuju rumah kediaman Mas Mono, salah satu abdi dalem teman mas sigit, lalu kembali kita berdiskusi lagi. “Abdi dalem hanya 2 pekerjaannya, Disuruh, dan dimarahin” begitulah jawaban Mas Mono setelah saya tanyakan mengenai bagaimana seru nya menjadi abdi dalem. Pada awaknya saya berfikir bahwa jawaban Mas Mono itu merupakan keluhan, ternyata hanya gurauan saja, kenyataannya adalah mereka sangat mencintai pekerjaan mereka.

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Loyalty, Respect, & Love, itulah kata-kata yang menggambarkan karakter abdi dalem dari mata saya. Loyalty adalah dimana mereka begitu setia mengabdi kepada kraton walaupun gaji yang mereka dapatkan tidak sepadan, namun pengabdian mereka bukan atas dasar materi, melainkan mereka melakukannya karena mereka percaya bahwa mengabdi kepada kraton sama halnya dengan melakukan amalan mereka kepada tuhan. Respect adalah ketika mereka sangat menghargai orang lain dan tidak menutup diri, kesan pertama saya sebelum sampai di Kraton, saya berfikir bahwa mereka akan enggan menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang kami berikan, ternyata lagi-lagi saya salah besar, mereka begitu senang berkomunikasi dengan kami. Quotes yang paling menyentuh saya adalah ketika Mas Sigit menjawab pertanyaan saya tentang apa yang membedakan orang jogja dengan orang Jakarta, “Saat seumur mas, saya juga sama seperti mas, tidak ada yang membedakan kami dengan orang lain atau orang Jakarta, hanya saat saya berada di Kraton saya seperti ini, mengabdi dan siap mati”. Kata-kata yang menyentuh itu membuka mata saya terhadap perspektif orang jogja ketika bertemu orang asing, mereka begitu menghargai perbedaan dan tidak menutup diri kepada hal-hal baru. Terakhir adalah Love, mendefinisikan begitu besarnya kecintaan mereka terhadap kraton dan budaya Jawa, hal itulah yang sudah hilang dari anak-anak muda saat ini, dimana cinta sejati yang sederhananya hanya saling sayang menyayangi, kini sudah menjadi komoditi dan selalu didasarkan atas nama materi. Sujiwo Tejo dalam presentasinya bercerita tentang apa itu arti cinta, beliau menyampaikan bahwa cinta yang murni adalah cintanya “Ayam” saat ayam jantan menyukai ayam betina tanpa basa basi ayam jantan langsung membuahi ayam betina, sesederhana rasa saling saying menyayangi satu sama lain, dan Sujiwo Tejo menyampaikan bahwa “itulah cinta yang murni bukan melihat kamu siapa, bapa kamu siapa, ibu kamu siapa, pekerjaan kamu apa, tapi memang kita saling mencintai ya sudah”. Kemudian setelah selesai berdiskusi panjang bersama Mas Mono dan Mas Sigit saya lebih sadar mengenai arti cinta murni yang sebenarnya.

Hari menjelang siang, mendung semakin kelabu, sedikit demi sedikit namun pasti, rintik hujan membasahi kota itu. Rombongan kembali berjalan menuju suatu tempat tidak jauh letaknya dari kraton. Tibalah kami di Yayasan pamulang Baksa Sasmita Mardawa, sesampainya kami disana sambil menunggu datangnya pemilik dari yayasan tersebut kami sedikit bersantai melepas lelah di sebuah Joglo disana, saat saya melihat keatas ada angka bertuliskan “1900” tepat diatas langit-langit joglo tersebut, saya bertanya-tanya apa maksud dari angka tersebut? Apakah tempat ini dibangun pada tahun itu? Berarti sudah 100 tahun lebih tempat ini berdiri. Pertanyaan itu akhirnya terjawab saat Bu Tia datang, beliau adalah pemilik dari sanggar ini. Memang betul Joglo tempat kami beristirahat itu sudah berdiri hampir lebih dari 110 tahun lamanya, dan tetap berdiri kokoh sampai sekarang, Joglo ini pula jawab beliau menjadi tempat latihan dari murid-murid sanggar tari yayasan ini.

Diskusi kami saat itu lebih banyak berbicara tentang tarian, jujur saya bukanlah orang penyuka tari, tetapi apa yang saya pelajari dari diskusi itu adalah bagaimana sebuah passion jika kita tekun, akan menjadi sesuatu yang besar bagi kehidupan kita. “Menari adalah hidup saya” jawab wanita yang sudah berumur diatas 50 tahun ini. Beliau menjelaskan tentang seberapa penting menari bagi kehidupannya, mengapa kita perlu mengetahui diri kita, dan pentingnya membangun semangat, konsentrasi, percaya diri, dan disiplin. Ibu Tia tidak pernah takut akan regenerasi karena ia rasa bahwa keinginan anak muda untuk menari masih tinggi di Jogja. Prestasi yang bu tia capai melalui tari sudah memancanegara, negara-negara seperti Amerika, Jepang, China sudah pernah bu tia kunjungi, namun walaupun presatsinya sudah internasional, tapi sikap dan attitude yang bu tia tunjukkan tetap bercita rasa local. Kata-kata Bu Tia yang masih saya ingat adalah tentang Semangat, Konsentrasi, Percaya diri, dan disiplin. Menurut saya keempat element itulah kunci hidup kita sehari-hari, ternyata pembicaraan yang awalnya saya fikir hanya tentang sebatas tarian dan pengalaman menjadi sebuah pencerahan baru buat saya, dan diskusi pun ditutup dengan befoto bersama.

Malam pun tiba, hampir 2 jam perjalanan kita dari Jogja menuju ke satu desa di kabupaten magelang. Desa ini sangat menarik bagi saya, Mba Kandi bercerita bahwa di desa ini lah dimana warganya pada pagi hari nyawah, atau jadi kuli bangunan, namun saat malam hari mereka menjadi designer logo dan dibayar menggunakan dollar. Merekalah yang biasa disebut sebagai “designer kampung”. Para designer yang memang berasal dari kampung. Sungguh sebuah fakta yang unik, sebagai orang Jakarta saya selalu berfikir bahwa Indonesia itu Jakarta, dan hanya orang-orang Jakarta yang menguasai teknologi, tetapi ternyata lagi-lagi saya salah berfikir. Di desa yang mungkin terlupakan oleh kita terdapat sekelompok masyarakat yang sangat kreatif dan penghasil devisa juga. Hal yang saya sayangkan saat saya berada disana adalah saya tidak terlalu banyak berkomunikasi dengan para designer kampung tersebut, karena saat itu saya lebih focus menonton acara seminar yang diselenggarakan di desa tersebut.

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Last day means last but not least, Keesokan paginya diiringi mendungnya langit jawa saat itu menemani perjalanan kita ke suatu desa di daerah Kulon Progo. Tibalah kami disebuah sanggar tari angguk disana. Anak-anak sanggar tari disana yang usianya mungkin baru berusia 7-14 tahun menunjukkan kepiawaian mereka dalam menari, setelah selesai kami langsung mengahampiri mereka dan mengajak mereka untuk sedikit berdiskusi. Lagi-lagi saya dihadapkan dengan suatu keyakinan terhadap pentingnya sebuah passion didalam diri, saat saya kecil saya bercita-cita ingin menjadi Polisi, namun beberapa lama kemudian berubah ingin menjadi dokter, dan seterusnya sampai pada akhirnya saya memutuskan untuk kuliah di jurusan komunikasi. Namun walaupun saya sudah menetapkan jalan hidup saya, tetap saja saya masih belum menemukan apa sebenernya passion saya, hal yang terjadi pada diri saya sangat berbeda ketika saya berdialog dengan murid-murid sanggar tari angguk ini, mereka dengan yakinnya menyerukan jawaban yang sama bahwa “nari itu asik, dan aku ingin jadi penari”. Wajah yang yakin dan percaya diri terlihat dari paras mereka. Walaupun tinggal di kampung bukan berarti mereka tidak mengeksplorasi dunia luar, mereka juga terpengaruh oleh media. Mereka mengikuti sinetron-sinetron yang berkembang saat ini di televise, namun hal yang membedakan adalah mereka cenderung lebih senang menonton acara tari yang disiarkan di TVRI. Mendengar kata TVRI saja saya sudah kaget, apalagi mendengar saat anak sebelia mereka masih menonton TVRI. Ini yang menjadi tamparan bagi saya, disaat saya berfikir bahwa mengapa kita terlalu banyak mengadopsi budaya luar kedalam fikiran kita tanpa mengindahkan budaya atau media sendiri? Lebih senang menonton acara-acara yang disiarkan oleh cable TV dari pada menonton acara-acara di TV nasional sendiri.

Mengerjakan pekerjaan yang kita senangi dan membuat kita nyaman, adalah hal terpenting yang kelak harus kita lakukan, anak-anak tari kulonprogo ini membawa saya kembali pada masa kecil yang sudah terlupakan oleh saya. Sewaktu kecil kita bermimpi menjadi Superman, lalu mengikatkan selimut dari tempat tidur kita dipunggung seakan kita memakai jubah yang mirip dengan superman dan kita melakukannya tanpa berfikir apa-apa selain keinginan kuat untuk menjadi superman. Lalu mengapa saat ini ketika kita ingin menjadi sesuatu yang kita inginkan ada terdapat keraguan yang tidak menentu? Anak-anak sanggar tari kulonprogo ini membawa semangat baru bagi kehidupan saya bahwa, mengapa tidak untuk kita befikir kembali mengikuti passion kita, selagi kesempatan masih ada dan yang terpenting adalah kita nyaman melakukan apa yang kita kerjakan, karena kita mencintai pekerjaan kita.

Setelah selesai bersanda gurau dan bercengkarama bersama anak-anak tari desa kulon progo, rombongan langsung pergi menuju satu tempat terakhir di tempat pengrajin tanah liat gerabah kasongan. Disana kita belajar mengerti nilai suatu barang. Kadang dunia teknologi yang begitu berkembang pesat dimana gadget menjadi kebutuhan masing-masing orang membuat kita terpengaruh dan cenderung ketergantungan dengan gadget-gadget tersebut. Namun hal itu menjadi berbeda saat kami berada disana, sama sekali kita tidak menyentuh gadget yang kita bawa. Kita terfokus membuat sesuatu dari jari-jari tangan kita, pemilik dari tempat tersebut mengizinkan kita untuk membuat apa saja dengan tanah liat yang sudah mereka sediakan. Saya iseng bertanya kepada teman saya yang perempuan, “sebagai cewek, kalo ada cowo yang ngasih kamu suatu barang terus cowo itu bilang kalo barang ini dia yang bikin sendiri dengan tangan dia sendiri, apa yang kamu rasakan?” Teman saya dengan lantang menjawab “Ya seneng banget lah, justru nilainya ada disitu walaupun barangnya biasa aja tapi kan usaha yang dia lakuin untuk bikin barang itu besar” saya terkejut mendengarnya, ternyata orang itu lebih suka menilai kerja kerasnya daripada hasilnya, walaupun saya yakin tidak semua orang berfikiran sama seperti teman saya ini. Namun hal yang bisa diambil adalah suatu barang itu akan sangat berharga jika usaha yang diberikan untuk membuatnya pun besar. Hingga pada akhirnya saya kembali focus untuk membuat sesuatu dari tanah liat yang ada digenggaman saya itu, dan setelah selesai barang yang sudah jadi itu akan saya jadikan oleh-oleh sepulangnya saya nanti.

Perjalananpun berakhir membawa kesan dan pelajaran. Begitu berharga perjalanan kami selama 3 hari 2 malam itu, mungkin jika bukan karena perjalanan itu saya tidak akan mungkin menginjakkan kaki saya di kulonprogo, atau desa design di kabupaten magelang, atau mungkin tidak akan pernah bertemu dengan Musisi-musisi berprestasi di Solo. Saya yakin bahwa kelak apa yang kita lakukan akan menjadi sebuah cerita dikemudian hari namun hari-hari yang kita jalani dalam pembelajaran disana bukan hanya sekedar cerita, melainkan suatu pencerahan. Hari-hari itu dimana saya yakin bahwa cerita yang akan saya ceritakan nanti bukanlah cerita sedih melainkan cerita yang sangat inspiratif dan menyentuh. Kelak saya berharap bahwa apapun yang saya lakukan dan kerjakan dimasa depan adalah hal yang sebetulnya saya senangi dan saya cintai. Saya belajar betapa pentingnya mengenali diri kita dan mengetahui untuk apa kita dilahirkan ke dunia ini. Melalui orang-orang inspiratif yang saya ajak untuk berdiskusi disana, saya belajar tentang pentingnya mengikuti passion kita, dan seberapa penting mengenali diri kita, masih banyak pelajaran hidup yang akan saya dapati di hari-hari berikutnya, tetapi perjalanan waktu itu membuat saya seakan sedang membuka buku tulis baru kemudian hati saya terdorong untuk menulis dilembar-lebar putih berikutnya, kiasan tersebut mengungkapkan bahwa saya ingin mengksplorasi lagi sesuatu yang belum saya ketahui sebelumnya, agar kelak saya bisa lebih tau siapa diri saya, jika plenthe bermusik untuk mengenalkan budaya local ke dunia internasional, atau Ibu Tia yang menari untuk melestarikan budaya bangsa, lalu kelak untuk apa dan siapa saya hidup didunia ini? Pertanyaan itulah yang timbul dari perjalanan saya di Jogja saat itu, dan akan saya jawab nanti di perjalanan hidup saya yang lain dihari-hari selanjutnya.

New frontiers of Indonesian Youth and their Passion

Inspirasi Kediri Bertutur

Young adults outside of Jakarta have different standard with the youth of Jakarta. They are advanced in their creative capability. They see Jakartans as ambitious, narcissistic, selfish & hedonistic, and they are not seen to have values ​​of art and culture. Youth living outside of Jakarta have strong ties to their local culture, the root of their identity whilst exploring innovation beyond the convention as established by mass media.

They immerse themselves into the “Local Wisdom” of their origins and the cities they live in. They explore the “local genius:” forms of local culture and art that are resilient from foreign influences, accommodate elements of foreign influences, integrate elements of foreign culture into authentic culture by having the sense of control and provides direction towards new creations.

Creative youth in outer Jakarta grow in harmony with local culture and this very much influence their choice of business and creative product design concepts. For example: EO business related to cultural arts events are flourishing in Jogja Solo, entertainment with local content is also expanding, the growth of  culture/arts communities shape their choice of business enterprise.

Indonesian Youth is Contemporary and Progressive. They are not just the audience of arts and lifestyle, they are makers, creators, ‘designers’ and executors who have the vision and the leadership to innovate and explore. Those of intellectual knowledge, influence and experience of cross cultural, of multi-knowledge & disciplines. Those who have the capacity and the authority to appreciate  the  essence of a specific art,  innovation and cutting edge discoveries. Those who have proven their existence through their innovative creations, arts,  and discoveries in their communities. They are pioneers who build sub-culture communities via the spread and influence of values and spirit.

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Indonesian youth have provided these lessons:

1. Traditional musicians of multidimensions versus the limitations of EDM musicians

2. Junior highschool graduates with the passion to learn versus those of higher education who feel they are already smart

3. The restrictions of self-interests versus the opportunities of doing things for community interests

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4. The rewards of money & fame versus the gift of giving

5. Creations from the heart versus working for material possessions

6. Quick wins versus the journey towards betterment

7. Being productive because it is beneficial

8. To learn means being productive

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9. Committed because of sincerity

10. In their confined/limited situation, they dare to create

11. In their doubts, they are not afraid to try something new

12. In their humbleness, they create by going with the flow

13. From the sincerity to try and learn, they prove that they can

14. No need to imitate others, learn and find individual originality

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15. Pride comes to loving to dance Tari Angguk

16. Amongst the influence and flow of modernity, Tari Angguk remains to stay

17. Fully aware to want and choosing cultural arts regardless of the perception and opinion of others

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18. The experience of creating with your hands via touch and feel vs. via digital electronic gadgets

19. Using intuition as a guide to create as opposed to following instructions and using templates

20. Using  the hands to shape, mold and paint as opposed to using computer software

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It starts with interactions between two worlds: the modern and the tradition. Through conversations and engagements build bridges towards understanding. Accepting differences means being open to diversity. Opening the doors towards collaboration amongst different worlds and of different cultures and arts. Being authentic is as important as being different. Prevention of going obsolete starts with a conversation of differences. It is our job as communicators to build bridges from our roots progressing forward to the present and future. So when everyone else is going global, we are deeply rooted in our local wisdom whilst keeping touch with modernity.

There are 3 ways to weaken and conquer a nation:

One: blur its history becoming obsolete

Two: destroy all proof and evidence of its history that it can no longer be studied for its truth

Three: cut all ties with heritage and ties to ancestors by saying that tradition and history are primitive and no longer relevant

(source: Architects Of  Deception-Secret Story Of Freemasonry By Juri Lina)

A TRIP TO SELF-IDENTITY by Hana

Inspirasi Kediri Bertutur

INTRODUCTION

This writing is one of the selected essays done by the undergraduate students of “Consumer Analysis” from University of Indonesia, the faculty of social and political sciences, communication program of advertising international class 2013.

The humble beginnings of Kediri Bertutur originated from a cultural journey: “I am fully aware that to reach quality of life does not mean gaining a higher level of status and wealth. In my journey, I am seeking quality of life based on spiritual humanism that moves my very being on this earth. This lesson I can only gain from a cultural journey,” Kandi Windoe.

Inspired by the same spirit, Kediri Bertutur takes the undergraduate students on their own cultural journeys. Kediri Bertutur presents Hana Alhaddad’s personal writing after taking the journey to Jogja in November 2014.

A TRIP TO SELF-IDENTITY by Hana Alhaddad

The trip I am referring to is not only centered towards the class excursion to Jogjakarta, Solo and Malang but to the revealing journey since I first got into consumer analysis class. It should be noted however, that the excursion was the peak to which I became grateful for having the opportunity to be a part of this class.

To begin with, it is important to notify that before this class, I was ignorant, vain and prejudice towards other people’s cultures in Indonesia. I was ignorant in a way that I couldn’t care less of what existed towards other people’s belief being that I have strong values of my own. This in itself makes me vain since I can only seem to appreciate and accept my culture to be what I thought is the most perfect belief. Consequently, this makes me a prejudice that judges other cultural values to be inconsistent, confusing and irrational in comparison to my own.

Being in this class has made me realize that I was in fact, the dumb one. Although still being very opinionated towards other cultural values, I began to have this feeling that it would be completely useless to think this way. I might not have to agree with what existed in other cultures but I might as well understand them for other purposes that can be useful for the future.

hana

My prejudices then, became completely unreliable when I’m not even aware of the entity of my own culture. I have come to realize that the culture that I referred to as my own, was apparently directed majorly towards my family values and traditions instead of the common cultural beliefs on which I am from, Jakarta, Betawi.

It might be helpful to comprehend that the Betawi culture is rich with multi-ethnic people from all parts of Indonesia as well as foreigners who have previously colonized the nation. In fact, the Betawi community has yet to be formally acknowledged until the late 20th century. To this day, it’s vague to know the exact faces of Betawi people since they are fused by many other cultural heritages. Being an Arab-Betawi, it has become common for me to accept this notion. It just occurred to me however, that I do not hold these values as tight because of other external forces that has modernize my thinking method. This is why I think that since being a part of this class and trip has enabled me to set aside my values in order to learn other people’s cultural beliefs.

The life lesson in the trip first began when we visited Plenthe Solo the night we visited Solo right after we landed in Jogja. This was truly an honorable experience that I particularly enjoyed. Initially I have had great appreciations towards music, I haven’t however been interested in percussions nor the people who played these musical instruments. Being somewhat in a position that has obligated myself to be proactive in learning from them had instantly changed my perception towards this music and the people behind them. Meeting the crew had made me respected them for being a passionate person. They were people who didn’t even finish school and had begun to learn these instruments by autodidact. I myself am an autodidact in learning guitar and piano but this terminology of autodidact is completely different from their version. They did not only start learning by themselves, but they went into the trouble of actually going into deep research to learn the theories, histories, and the culture of the genres as a whole. After having deep discussions with the crew, we watched them perform. This was yet another exceptional performance that has captured their passionate personalities right onto the beat of the instruments. They were able to translate the musical notes with their feelings that in result would caught the audience’s attention that captured their feelings. The highlight of the visit was when they allowed us to learn the musical instruments and was shown the various compilations that Plenthe had originally created in genres such that hip hop, electronic music, jazz and so many others. This was truly an eye-opening experience seeing that their creativity was beyond imaginable and regardless of their success, having travelled around to other continents, was still down-to-earth and open to teach us their expertise. In that moment, I had personally learned to play the violin, which I thought was harder to learn than the previous instruments I learned mostly because it requires very delicate touch and that from the beginning, our feelings needed to be fully controlled in order to produce the right melody. From this visit I learned that there are no reason for me to be lazy into further learning the instruments I have at home. Seeing that these are people from a very small town, having the urge and passion to learn. It’s such a waste that in comparison to me, I have not been able to fight myself into striving for my passion.

The second day of the trip, we visited Abdi Dalem Keraton. In comparison to the visit before, this event had personally lost its point of interest. I did understand that these were people who have high commitment to their heritage and chose this path particularly because it is safe. Regardless of what they thought it to be, claiming that being a part of this was educational to them and that the institution has clear objectives for each members to follow, I summed up that this was just a safe choice to their previous jobs and lives. Setting aside my judgmental notion I understood that every person has their own choices to live their life and that there is no right or wrong. Hence, their decision to follow the rules and values of Keraton, although I could never understand why such person would want those things, I finally realized that maybe these choices are what is best for them because this would allow them live a better life.

During this day, we also visited Yayasan Pamulangan Beksa Sasminta Mardawa. I have never been that interested in dance, whether it being modern or traditional dance. I can accept however, that this is art and that it requires passion, discipline, and the peace of the mind. To this knowledge I was open to get insights from the teachers, students and leader of this particular dance institution. I was first surprised to learn from the discussions that the people of Jogja, although being in a suburban town, has a deep analytical thinking that I hadn’t previously known existed to the minds of those outside the outreach of the metropolitan people. I respected that these people understood that this dance, a form of art couldn’t be easily achieved by those who are not mentally ready to go into action. In order to drive passion, the students themselves need to have a ready mind set to know the history, technique and meanings behind this dance. In addition, I grew curious into knowing the reasoning on why there are still students in the heart of Jogja city, who wanted to learn this very classical dance. At first I thought that this was inner motivation, but then I was told that most of the students that there were studying as part of their curriculum in school. Hence I learned that the motivation to be a part of this dance culture has not yet come voluntarily by the local people. Yet, there are other students from other parts of the city, like Palembang, who wanted to learn this dance. It was also surprising that the leader of this institution have went all over the world except for Africa in effort to conserve this dance and teach foreigners on the beauty of the dance. It was sad to hear that these foreigners have great appreciations towards the rules of the dance that we Indonesians lack of. Here I learned that, even if I’m not personally motivated to learn this dance for myself, I feel that this is an art that need to be conserved in the future because this is what has given value to not only Jogja but Indonesia. We are so rich of culture, in that it has become an asset being envied by other countries. It would be such a waste not to love this asset of ours.

At night, we want to Malang to attend this event coordinated for a group called Desainer Ing Kampung. I have heard this group in class, and was already interested to know more about them. These were people who worked as farmers by day and graphic designers by night. It just didn’t make sense to me why such incentive exists in the first place since it is two completely different field of work. I was also delighted to know that they produced such quality works. However, having anticipated great discussion with the practitioners, I was disappointed to learn that we were not able to have personal discussions with them and instead hear presentations from professional people who had their fame in Indonesia. Regardless, I still tried to find other factors that might catch my attention. Of course, this was captured when hearing Mba Kandi spoke as a presenter. The materials spoken were those that the class has heard before, that is we do not need to adore other cultures as an inspiration to our work because every where we look in Indonesia, is an asset of the world that is the greatest inspiration that can ever exist. Although having heard this for the last 5 months now, it was another great reminder that has further put a focus on why I went to this trip in the first place, that is to learn this asset of Indonesia without being a prejudice.

In the last day of the excursion we went to visit Sanggar Tari Angguk in the outskirts of Jogjakarta, a very hilly area. This to me was the most emotional experience from the entire places we went to. It was even more emotional since we arrived there late for more than an hour. The moment we arrived, they were already sitting in a group anticipating our arrival. It truly broke my heart that they were so eager to meet us and show their skills. The whole time I was there, I could not really embrace myself with them because their faces are very innocent and I feared that my way of speaking could somewhat be misunderstood by them. All that aside, watching them perform, even if not all of them were able to perform well, I could see that each and every one of them were dedicated to be a part of this curriculum, which was different than the student’s motives in Yayasan Pamulangan. Afterwards, we were divided into groups to have personal discussions amongst one another. This chance had me appreciate myself even more when I saw that they were able to enjoy their life even with the littlest privilege. They were to love themselves and their origins even after having the chance of going to Jakarta. I thought that it was an important factor to be able to love yourself prior into learning to love others.

Before the trip with the class ended, our last destination was to Pengrajin Gerabah at Kasongan where we were able to channel our inner creativity into a manual method of art out of any computerize systems. It was comforting to have spent hours into creating a single artwork without any contact with electronic gadgets. We did not however, had the chance to ask the practitioners any sort of questions because we were so engaged with our work. To me, without even asking them anything, I appreciated the experience because it was a reminder in my part that it’s so much more momentous to be able to be engaged in an activity without being in contact with the virtual world.

Overall, this class and trip was a wake-up call for me to have greater appreciations towards other people’s different values as well as the pleasure of the manual methods of art outside the contact of electronics. At the end of this trip, I felt like I was a much more objective, respectful and curious person towards other people’s cultures as well as my own. I realized that I do not need to agree or accept their values, but it would be stupid to ignore that such beliefs existed because knowing them will help me in the future, to have a better knowledge of my own country. As an Indonesian, we cannot only know our own sub-culture. We need to know as much of the traditions that exist in Indonesia. We also have to realize that these cultures and traditions highly affect the lifestyle of these people. So it would be unfair to consider that the people of Jakarta have lost its values of traditions. Prior to judging this fact, we need to understand that even from history Jakarta is a place of a multi-ethnic race, and over the years, these people were able to cope with the differences and have more modernize thoughts. It would be hard for these people to value their sub-cultures because it is so various that valuing their personal culture could cause problems amongst those of different perceptions. Regardless of the fact that the people of Jakarta are beginning to adopt more western cultures, losing contact of the true Indonesian values, those who are aware of this needs to look at this as an opportunity to give those people a wake-up call to have a more balance values. In the present day, I think this effort has gone onto drastic measures and the improvement has been very well recorded. The young generation of Jakarta has started to have greater appreciations towards local products and conserving back the classical styles used by our parents and grandparents.